The logic of India-Japan cooperation - Livemint
The friendship between India and Japan has a long history rooted in spiritual affinity and is the largest democracy in Asia and Japan the most prosperous. A transformational development in the economic history of India was Suzuki Motor and the relationship was upgraded to a Global and Strategic. In August , the Japanese Prime Minister visited India. will strengthen their economic ties and suspend China's influence in Asia. Our software and Japan's hardware can do wonders” Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared. Modi highlighted this aspect of bilateral ties when he claimed Japan to be India's most trusted partner in economic and technological Dr. Sangeeta Mahapatra is a visiting fellow at the Institute of Asian.
This is mostly because many Buddhist beliefs and traditions which share a common Dharmic root with Hinduism spread to Japan from China via Korean peninsula in the 6th Century.
One indication of this is the Japanese "Seven Gods of Fortune", of which four originated as Hindu deities: She is also mentioned in the Lotus Sutra.
The Sutra of Golden Light became one of the most important sutras in Japan because of its fundamental message, which teaches that the Four Heavenly Kings protect the ruler who governs his country in the proper manner. The Hindu god of death, Yamais known in his Buddhist form as Enma. It has the body of a human and the face or beak of an eagle.
Tennin originated from the apsaras. Other examples of Hindu influence on Japan include the belief of "six schools" or "six doctrines" as well as use of Yoga and pagodas. Many of the facets of Hindu culture which have influenced Japan have also influenced Chinese culture. People have written books on the worship of Hindu gods in Japan. Subhas Chandra Bose addressing a rally in Tokyo, Cultural exchanges between India and Japan began early in the 6th century with the introduction of Buddhism to Japan from India.
Buddhism and the intrinsically linked Indian culture had a great impact on Japanese culturestill felt today, and resulted in a natural sense of amiability between the two nations. The cultural exchanges between the two countries created many parallels in their folklore.
Modern popular culture based upon this folklore, such as works of fantasy fiction in manga and animesometimes bear references to common deities devademons asura and philosophical concepts.
Complementarity will carry Japan–India ties forward | East Asia Forum
The Indian goddess Saraswati for example, is known as Benzaiten in Japan. Brahmaknown as 'Bonten', and Yamaknown as 'Enma', are also part of the traditional Japanese Buddhist pantheon. In addition to the common Buddhist influence on the two societies, Shintoismbeing an animist religion, is similar to the animist strands of Hinduismin contrast to the religions present in the rest of the world, which are monotheistic.
It is also thought that the distinctive torii gateways at temples in Japan, may be related to the torana gateways used in Indian temples. In the 16th century, Japan established political contact with Portuguese colonies in India.
The Japanese initially assumed that the Portuguese were from India and that Christianity was a new " Indian faith ". These mistaken assumptions were due to the Indian city of Goa being a central base for the Portuguese East India Company and also due to a significant portion of the crew on Portuguese ships being Indian Christians. By the early 17th century, there was a community of Japanese traders in Goa in addition to Japanese slaves brought by Portuguese ships from Japan.
The Anglo-Japanese Alliance was ended on 17 August As a result, during the two World Warsthe INA adopted the "an enemy of our enemy is our friend" attitude, legacy that is still controversial today given the war crimes committed by Imperial Japan and its allies.
Many Indian independence movement activists escaped from British rule and stayed in Japan. Naira student from India, became an Independence Movement activist. In Tokyo Imperial University set up a chair in Sanskrit and Paliwith a further chair in Comparative religion being set up in In this environment, a number of Indian students came to Japan in the early twentieth century, founding the Oriental Youngmen's Association in Their anti-British political activity caused consternation to the Indian Government, following a report in the London Spectator.
The logic of India-Japan cooperation
Over 2 million Indians participated in the war; many served in combat against the Japanese who conquered Burma and reached the Indian border. They joined primarily because of the very harsh, often fatal conditions in POW camps. Bose was eager for the INA to participate in any invasion of India, and persuaded several Japanese that a victory such as Mutaguchi anticipated would lead to the collapse of British rule in India.
The idea that their western boundary would be controlled by a more friendly government was attractive. There are some 1, Japanese companies present in India, while over 13, Japanese companies remain active in Asean. If India and Japan were to cooperate not only at a government-to-government but also at government-to-government-to-business framework across Asean, the impact would be exponential.
Not only would India and Japan be confident that their investment in infrastructure—rail, roads, highways, ports—would be put to good use, but also the local economies would further benefit from the special economic zones, manufacturing and trading hubs.
The private sector could emerge not only as a user of the said infrastructure projects, but also a co-investor with the government, or concessionaire that ensures the infrastructure is well-maintained and operated, once the government exits after the development phase. For instance, IT platforms for customs and risk management to boost cross-border trade could turn out to be a niche area for India.
Greater cooperation on IT would also help address the serious cyber security concern India is looking to address. India would also do well to co-design trilateral partnerships on a case-to-case basis.
Staying with the India-Japan example, partnering with governments or private sector from other countries could significantly mitigate risk and shorten lead times. An outward looking geo-economic play would not just impact the external theatres of action; rather the benefits would be felt closer to home. Increased coordination between government agencies and the private sector is needed to tap into the vast potential of Asean and the wider Indo-Pacific region.
With a positive demographic profile, enormous horticulture and agricultural potential, and proximity to Asean, this region could serve as the perfect platform from which India and Japan approach Asean from the West.