Similarities between brain and mind relationship

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similarities between brain and mind relationship

Relationship between mind and brain: A proposal of solution based on . the comparison of the function of all the body organs, to the function of the nervous. Most people think of the brain and the mind as being one and the same thing. organs and the psychic organs work together in a harmonious relationship. Equally surprising to me is that, by default, a healthy mind is generally The mind can change the structure of the brain and relationships.

It helps us get ourselves off of the autopilot of ingrained behaviors and habitual responses.

similarities between brain and mind relationship

He proposes that this is only one part of it. On the Triangle of Well-Being, each point of the triangle is an essential component to mental health. One point is the physical brain and nervous system which are the mechanisms by which energy and information flow throughout our beings. Our senses take in information from the environment. These become electrical signals which travel through the nervous system to the brain which, then, gives them meaning and responds by releasing neurochemicals and dispatching electrical signals which, in turn, regulate the body, control movement, and influence emotions.

similarities between brain and mind relationship

A second point on the Triangle of Well-Being is relationships which are the means by which information and energy are shared. An integral part of the mind is comprised of the relational process of energy and information flowing between and among people.

This happens through the spoken or written word. In person, this transfer also happens through eye contact, facial expression, body language, posture, and gesture. The New Science of Personal Transformationhe explains: Our minds are created within relationships — including the one that we have with ourselves… Each of us has a unique mind: These patterns shape the flow of energy and information inside us, and we share them with other minds.

The third point on the triangle is the mind which is the process that regulates this flow of information and energy. In Mindsight, Seigel writes: Consider the act of driving. No matter how hard you try. The mind observes and monitors the flow of energy and information across time while modifying it by giving it characteristics and patterns.

Because of neuroplasticitythe capacity of the brain to create new neural connections and grow new neurons in response to thoughts and experience, each point on the triangle influences the others, and the flow of energy and information along this triangle goes in all directions.

The mind can change the structure of the brain and relationships. Jean Fernel — treated mind and brain together in his Physiology. He felt that the brain refined the animal spirits. Purged of all corporeal dross, they became concepts, finally even universal concepts and the ideas of the moral values Sherrington, He acknowledged the problems encountered in attempting to restrict the mind to the brain. Pinker has recently discussed the role of nature vs nurture in the development of the mind.

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Dismissing the concept of the blank slate, Pinker wrote: Locke recognized this problem and alluded to something called the understanding, which looked at the inscriptions on the white paper and carried out the recognizing, reflecting, and associating.

Neurosurgeons attempt restoration of the internal structure of the brain to normalcy or correct disordered function in select areas by such modes as deep brain stimulation or ablation.

similarities between brain and mind relationship

Some operations are performed on patients who are awake. Observations on patients provided clues to the functions of the mind in relation to the structure of the brain.

similarities between brain and mind relationship

When a patch of brain tissue dies, a part of the mind can disappear: Neuroscientists can knock a gene out of a mouse a gene also found in humans and prevent the mouse from learning, or insert extra copies and make the mouse learn faster. Studies on patients who have suffered brain injury such as Phineas Gage have also provided interesting clues on the mind in relationship to the brain.

We now know that damaged frontal lobes can no longer exert inhibitory influences on the limbic system with consequent aggressive acts. The relation between the amount of grey matter in the frontal lobes and intelligence; the inferior parietal lobules and spatial reasoning and intuitions on numbers as in Albert Einstein and the third interstitial nucleus in the anterior thalamus and homosexuality Pinker, are a few more examples of specific areas of the brain linked to characteristics attributed to the mind.

Paul Broca showed that damage to the area subsequently named after him in the dominant cerebrum results in an inability to talk. Subsequent studies showed several other areas within the cerebrum that govern other aspects of speech.

Bilateral frontal lobotomy and subsequent more sophisticated variants such as stereotaxic amygdalotomies or cingulotomies reduce an aggressive, maniacal individual to docility Heller et al.

similarities between brain and mind relationship

Wilder Penfield —Canadian neurosurgeon, was known for his groundbreaking work on epilepsy. He operated on patients with intractable epilepsy using local anaesthesia, ensuring that they remained awake throughout the operation. He stimulated areas of the brain surface in these patients in order to demarcate the part producing epilepsy.

In many patients, electrical stimulation of certain areas of the brain triggered vivid memories of past events. One patient, while on an operating table in Montreal, Canada, remembered laughing with cousins on a farm in South Africa.

It brings psychical phenomena into the field of physiology. It should have profound significance also in the field of psychology provided we can interpret the facts properly.

The Difference Between Brain and Mind

We have to explain how it comes about that when an electrode producing, for example, 60 electrical impulses per second is applied steadily to the cortex it can cause a ganglionic complex to recreate a steadily unfolding phenomenon, a psychical phenomenon. But the mechanism seems to have recorded much more than the simple event.

When activated, it may reproduce the emotions which attended the original experience.

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On 1 SeptemberDr. William Beecher Scoville performed bilateral mesial temporal lobe resections on a patient known as H. The inadvertent severe damage to the important limbic structures resulted in permanent loss of memory in this patient Scoville, But, he could remember almost nothing after that. Damage to discrete areas within the brain can thus produce a variety of disorders of the mind.

In his Nobel Lecture, Sperry described the implications on concepts of the mind of the observations made after splitting the corpus callosum Sperry, Myers, showed that the cat with divided corpus callosum now had two minds either of which was capable of learning on its own, and of responding intelligently to changes in the world around it on its own.

Subsequent experiments with rats, monkeys and later with human epileptic patients gave similar results. Psychological tests showed that both John Does had remarkably similar personalities. Except for language ability, they were about as much alike as identical twins.

Difference Between Mind and Brain

Their attitudes and opinions seemed to be the same; their perceptions of the world were the same; and they woke up and went to sleep at almost the same times. There were differences however. John Doe Left could express himself in language and was somewhat more logical and better at [planning…]. John Doe Right tended to be somewhat more aggressive, impulsive, emotional - and frequently expressed frustration with what was going on.

Such experiments led Sperry, Ornstein and others to conclude that each of the separated hemispheres has its own private sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings and memories, in short, that they constitute two separate minds, two separate spheres of consciousness Gross,