Know Your Oval: Fun Facts About Tracks | the runner eclectic
Sprint events in track and field usually consists of the m, m and m race though 60m dashes are also held on occasion. The sprints are among the. However, the standard regulation track is meters, which is run around the inside lane (lane 1, closest to the middle, or infield). At its official. Track and Field Specifications by Governing Body. Length of Track. IAAF: The length of a standard running track shall be no less than meters and no greater.
Races started at the East end of the stadium and finished As a further historical note, while it was not used for any races, the site of the ancient stadium in Olympia WAS used for the Shot Put competition in the Olympic Games, hosted by Athens. The point is that long and narrow tracks exist in the wild, and whatever one thinks about doing workouts on such a track, a runner with an interest in track construction might want to enjoy, rather than disparage, their quirkiness.
Weird and Disturbing Tracks And then there are the asymmetric tracks. Some of the examples — presumably solutions to problems of squeezing tracks into limited areas — are really odd, and make non-standard tracks like the equal quadrant version look like shining examples of order and rationality by comparison. Wedged into a narrow area between W. It also includes a right-hand turn! The meter standard is a relatively recent phenomenon, at least in the United States.
When I was growing up, most high school tracks in the United States were yards, not meters. On an imperial track, one mile was precisely four laps.
Nowadays, most tracks are m, which is only On a metric track, a mile is four laps plus another 9. In my home state of Massachusetts, public high school runners still compete at the Mile and Two Mile, requiring start lines approximately 10 and 20 yards, respectively, before the common finish.
Other states contest the and 4 laps and 8 lapsor in some cases, the and 3. For some reason, private schools in New England have gone metric with the andand still hold the m hurdles instead of the m hurdles. Until they demolished the school, the old Newton North had a yard track. A similar situation exists indoors. Standard indoor tracks are m, but the Harvard indoor track is yards — 8 laps, exactly, to the mile.
Years ago, there used to be more variety in the length of outdoor tracks, even for meets like the modern Olympics. For one example, in the early 20th century m tracks were not uncommon.
In his autobiography, No Bugles, No Drums, 3-time Olympic gold medalist Peter Snell recounts winning an international m on a m track, so such tracks must have existed until the late s, at least. For another example, in Emil Zatopek set the World Record for 20, meters and 10 miles and 1 Hour on a track that was, oddly, only Even today, sometime tracks are sized to fit in whatever open space is available, leading to odd and non-standard lengths and dimensions.
In addition to the m straight sprint section at the bottom, there is a 17m deceleration region and a shorter setup section before the start line.
There is also a finish line. The finish line is designed to be common for all races, and these constraints and the desire to place other things in the center dictate the shape of the track.
An oval track is designed to be m around using the inside lane. These tracks are made by combing end curves as a hybrid of two radii.
metres - Wikipedia
When the race is a straight line, the start and finish lines can be at the same orthogonal distance apart. However, an issue arises when part of the track is curved. If we did not compensate for the curve, runners on the inside track would have a distinct advantage because, with a smaller radius of curvature, the tangential distance around the track is shorter.
Running tracks can have a variable number of lanes typically from four to nine and, in accordance with IAFF requirements International Association of Athletics Federationseach lane is 1.
If the race were run in a straight line, it would not matter where in the lane the runner ran. However, since the track is curved, it is in the interests of the runner to take a more inside trajectory.
The IAFF appreciates this, and in calculating their track dimensions, takes this into account. The women's world record is World class male sprinters sub Indoors, the race is run as one lap of the track, with only slightly slower times than outdoors.
A slightly shorter race but run on a straight trackthe stadionwas the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games and the oldest known formal sports event in history. Runners are staggered in their starting positions to ensure that everyone runs the same distance.
The world record is currently held by Wayde van Niekerk with a time of The world record in this event is The 4x metres relay is often held at track and field meetings, and is by tradition the final event at major championships.
Historical and uncommon distances[ edit ] 50 yards Donovan Bailey holds the men's world record with a time of 5. The world record time of 5. The time is often used for American Football speed training. The world record of 6. It was part of the Commonwealth Games up until and was the premier event in American high school sprinting until the NFHS changed to metric innow only a secondary distance to the metres.
It was to decide which of the two was really the 'fastest man on earth' see Bailey—Johnson metre race. Bolt ran the distance in a record time of