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STEM careers account for over six percent of all U.S. jobs (Occupational Employment and Wages Summary. both study living organisms and their relationship to the environment. He or she specializes in a particular branch of engineering. Occupational Therapist: An occupational therapist (OT) helps. Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) are core components Online Master's in School Counseling · Online Master's in Mental Health Counseling .. It is one of the most important branches of science in that it serves as a Trigonometry focuses on the study of triangles, specifically the relationships. Therapist Careers | It is used in a wide variety of cases including things like depression or relationship issues, but its effectiveness stems from its ability to help.
Our relationship, like the plant, must have the absence of negative in order to survive. Just eliminating the negative, however, will not make a relationship great. It must have the presence of positive to grow and become the best that it can be.
Positives in a relationship may include: In order for the relationship to become wonderful there must be the presence of positive. After explaining the short analogy I give the couple a homework assignment: This is a useful tool because there are times when we are negative but we are not aware of it. Using this tool each participant can be a helpful contributor to improving the quality of the relationship by reminding the other of the importance of ridding their relationship of harmful negative behaviors.
It shows their commitment to the process and to the union they share. Some couples find this assignment to be extremely difficult to do because criticism or blaming has become such a common part of their daily interaction. One needs a doctoral degree to become a physical therapist, but the profession is rapidly growing as a more active population needs physical therapists now more than ever.
Psychiatric Nurse A special division within nursing, psychiatric nursing is specifically about assessing and treating mental health issues within patients or a group of patients.
Most psychiatric nurses have master's or doctoral degrees in the field as this is an advanced profession within nursing and requires a more detailed and specialized training and understanding. These nurses usually deal with psychiatric disorders and treat these disorders with specific psychotherapy. They are commonly employed in hospitals and specialty clinics, but many are in private practice as well.
Psychotherapist Psychotherapists are responsible for treating patient issues with psychological treatments and strategies rather than medical ones.
There is a lot of overlap between psychotherapists and traditional psychologists, but generally speaking, psychotherapists are focused more on the mental and emotional well-being of a patient and helping solve some of those problems with psychological techniques. Still, there are hundreds if not thousands of different types of psychotherapy and so there is a lot of diversity within the profession.
Often considered more of talking therapy than anything else, psychotherapists use basic psychological principles and build a more mental approach to them. Sex Therapist Contrary to popular belief, sex therapists do not practice therapy that looks all that different from other forms of therapy. Sex therapists are responsible for helping people with sexual issues and relationship issues. They may ask about sexual history and use that to create methods for solving the issues at hand.Matt Damon and Jimmy Kimmel Return to Couples Counseling
But these therapists aren't just focusing on the physical side of sex, they are also examining and exploring the psychological side of sex and how psychological issues can affect sexual performance, intimacy and anxiety.
They are trained in therapy the same way that everyone else is and they just use that training to focus on a specific aspect of life. Cultural barriers to treatment Cultural background can affect attitudes concerning such factors as proper family behavior, family hierarchy, acceptable levels of substance use, and methods of dealing with shame and guilt.
Forcing families or individuals to comply with the customs of the dominant culture can create mistrust and reduce the effectiveness of therapy. To develop effective treatment strategies for diverse populations, the treatment provider must understand the role of culture and cultural backgrounds, recognize the cultural backgrounds of clients, and know enough about their culture to understand its effect on key treatment issues.
Integrating Substance Abuse Treatment and Family Therapy The integration of substance abuse treatment and family therapy may be accomplished at several levels see chapter 4 for a full discussion of integrated models of treatment. Agencies may opt for full integration that would offer both family therapy and substance abuse treatment in the same location with the same or different sets of staff members. As an alternative, agencies might create a partial integration by setting up a system of referral for services.
Regardless of the form integration takes, clinicians working in either field need to be aware of the practices and ideas of the other field. There should be mutual respect and a willingness to communicate between practitioners. They should know when to make a referral and when to seek further consultation with a practitioner from the other field.
Clinicians in each field need to tailor their approaches to be optimally effective for clients who have received or are receiving treatment from a practitioner in the other field.
Family Therapy for Substance Abuse Counselors Substance abuse counselors should not practice family therapy unless they have proper training and licensing, but they should be informed about family therapy to discuss it with their clients and know when a referral is indicated. Substance abuse counselors can also benefit from incorporating family therapy ideas and techniques into their work with individual clients, groups of clients, and family groups. In order to promote integrated treatment, training in family therapy techniques and concepts should be provided to substance abuse counselors.
This section builds on content presented in chapter 1 that explained the potential role of family therapy in substance abuse treatment programs. Chapter 4 discusses the specific integrated family therapy models developed for treating clients with substance use disorders.
Traditional Models of Family Therapy The family therapy field is diverse, but certain models have been more influential than others, and models that share certain characteristics can be grouped together.
Family therapy theories can be roughly divided into two major groups. One includes those that focus primarily on problemsolving, where therapy is generally brief, more concerned with the present situation, and more pragmatic.
Within these larger divisions, other categories can be developed based on the assumptions each model makes about the source of family problems, the specific goals of therapy, and the interventions used to induce change.
None was specifically developed, however, for this integration. See Steinglass et al. View of substance abuse Substance abuse stresses the whole family system. Families with members who abuse substances are a highly heterogeneous group. Use enactments and rehearsals to enlighten the family system about triggers of substance use, to anticipate problems, and avoid them.
Use family restabilization or reorganization to change functioning and organization. See Bepko and Krestan View of substance abuse Focus is on the person who abuses substances and the substance of abuse as a system while also looking at intrapersonal, interpersonal, and gender systems. Goals of therapy Help everyone in the family achieve appropriate responsibility for self and decrease inappropriate responsibility for others. Three phases of treatment, each with a separate set of goals: Unbalance the system that was balanced around substance abuse in order to promote sobriety.
Rebalance the system in a deep way by going back and working on developmental tasks that were previously missed. Clarify adaptive consequences of substance abuse. Reparative and restorative work with children in order to have children express feelings in a safe environment. Looking at gender stereotypes with respect to sex, power, anger, and control. Behavioral marital therapy Theorists: See Epstein and McCrady View of substance abuse Developed to treat alcohol problems in a couples counseling framework.
Examines current factors maintaining substance use, rather than historical factors. Cognitions and affective states mediate the relationship between external antecedents and substance use, and expectancies about the reinforcing value of substances play an important role in determining subsequent substance use.
Substance abuse is maintained by physiological, psychological, and interpersonal consequences. Substance use is part of a continuum that ranges from abstinence to nonproblem use to different types of problem use. From this perspective, problems may be exhibited in a variety of forms, some of which are consistent with a formal diagnosis, and some of which are milder or more intermittent.
Goals of therapy Abstinence is the preferred goal for treatment. Other goals include Developing coping skills for both partners to address substance abuse.
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Developing positive reinforcers for abstinence or changed use. Developing general coping skills.
Developing effective communication and problemsolving skills. Developing relapse prevention skills. Strategies and techniques Intervene at multiple levels, with The individual who is abusing substances The spouse The relationship as a unit The family Other social systems Begin with a detailed assessment to determine the primary factors contributing to the maintenance of the substance use, the skills and deficits of the individual and the couple, and the sources of motivation to change.
Help the client assess individual psychological problems associated with use, potential and actual reinforcers for continued use and for decreased use2 or abstinence, negative consequences of use and abstinence, and beliefs and expectations about substance use and its consequences. Teach individual coping skills e. Teach behavioral and cognitive coping skills individually tailored to the types of situations that are the most common antecedents to use.
Provide clients with a model for conceptualizing substance abuse and how it can be changed. Help clients identify interpersonal situations and people associated with substance use, and situations and people supportive of abstinence or decreased use. See Santisteban et al. Kurtines, Santisteban, Szapocznik, and Williams have researched family therapy for adolescents and their families with specific focus on the family environment.
They feel their manualized approach has a strong evidence base for use with such families; however, they do not suggest the use of the approach with adults with addictions, as there have been no efforts to study the approach with adult clients.
Rigid family structures can increase substance abuse as parents need to be able to renegotiate as the adolescent grows. Intrafamily and acculturation conflict impact relationships negatively and increase substance abuse.
Goals of therapy Change parenting practices such as leadership, behavior control, nurturance, and guidance. Improve the quality of relationship and bonding between parents and the adolescent s.
Improve conflict resolution skills. Do preliminary phone work to determine who will be resistant to treatment and engagement. Identify the normal processes of acculturation and then help families learn to transcend these differences. Block or reframe negativity and promote supportive interactions.