Reunification of china and taiwan relationship

Cross-Strait relations - Wikipedia

reunification of china and taiwan relationship

Relations Across Taiwan Straits: Evolution and Stumbling Blocks be healed and the Chinese people's struggle for national reunification and territorial integrity. 6 hours ago Taiwan's reunification with China is inevitable and will bring greater of the future of China-Taiwan relations, assuring the Taiwanese their. tional law and international relations arenas for the past decades. .. Office of the State Council: The Taiwan Question and Reunification of China ().

After eight years of grueling war against Japanese aggression the Chinese people won final victory and recovered the lost territory of Taiwan in Taiwan compatriots displayed an outburst of passion and celebrated the great triumph of their return to the fold of the motherland by setting off big bangs of fireworks and performing rites to communicate the event to their ancestors.

The international community has acknowledged the fact that Taiwan belongs to China. The Chinese people's war of resistance against Japanese aggression, being part of the world-wide struggle against Fascism, received extensive support from people all over the world. The instrument of Japan's surrender stipulated that "Japan hereby accepts the provisions in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China and Great Britain on July 26, at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" On 25 October the ceremony for accepting Japan's surrender in Taiwan Province of the China war theater of the Allied powers was held in Taibei.

On the occasion the chief officer for accepting the surrender proclaimed on behalf of the Chinese government that from that day forward Taiwan and the Penghu Archipelago had again been incorporated formally into the territory of China and that the territory, people, and administration had now been placed under the sovereignty of China.

From that point in time forward, Taiwan and Penghu had been put back under the jurisdiction of Chinese sovereignty. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, countries have established diplomatic relations with China.

All these countries recognize that there is only one China and that the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government of China and Taiwan is part of China.

It became an issue only as an aftermath of the ensuing anti-popular civil war started by Kuomintang, and more especially because of intervention by foreign forces. Taiwan question and civil war launched by Kuomintang. During the war of resistance against Japanese aggression the Chinese Communist Party and other patriotic groups pressed Kuomintang into a national united front with the Communist Party to fight Japanese imperialist aggression.

After victory of the war the two Parties should have joined hands to work for the resurgence of China. But the Kuomintang clique headed by Chiang Kai-shek flouted the people's fervent aspirations for peace and for building an independent, democratic and prosperous new China. The Chinese people were compelled to respond with a people's liberation war which was to last more than three years under the leadership of the Communist Party. Since the Kuomintang clique had already been spurned by the people of all nationalities for its reign of terror, the government of the "Republic of China" in Nanjing was finally overthrown by the Chinese people.

The People's Republic of China was proclaimed on 1 October and the Government of the new People's Republic became the sole legal government of China. A group of military and political officials of the Kuomintang clique took refuge in Taiwan and, with the support of the then U.

Taiwan question and responsibility of the United States. Against the backdrop of East-West confrontation in the wake of the Second World War and guided by its conceived global strategy and national interest considerations, the U.

After victory of the war the two Acheson's letter of transmittal to President Harry S. Truman had to admit this. Dean Acheson lamented in his letter: It was the product of internal Chinese forces, forces which this country tried to influence but could not. But it failed to do so. Instead, it adopted a policy of isolation and containment of New China.

When the Korean War broke out, it started armed intervention in the inter-Taiwan Straits relations which were entirely China's internal affairs. On 27 June President Truman announced: In December the U. The erroneous policy of the U. In order to ease tension in the Taiwan Straits area and seek ways of solving the dispute between the two countries, the Chinese Government started dialogues with the United States from the mids onwards.

The two countries held sessions of talks at ambassadorial level from August to February However, no progress had been made in that period on the key issue of easing and removing tension in the Taiwan Straits area.

It was not until late s and early s when the international situation had undergone changes and as New China had gained in strength that the U. In October the United Nations General Assembly adopted at its 26th session Resolution which restored all the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and expelled the ''representatives'' of the Taiwan authorities from the U.

Taiwan vs. Mainland China

The United States Government does not challenge that position. Government accepted the three principles proposed by the Chinese Government for the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, namely, the United States should sever ''diplomatic relations'' and abrogate the ''mutual defense treaty'' with the Taiwan authorities and withdraw U.

Within this context, the people of the United States will maintain cultural, commercial and other unofficial relations with the people of Taiwan. Regrettably, however, scarcely three months after the event, a so-called Taiwan Relations Act was passed by the U.

Congress and signed into law by the President. A domestic legislation of the U. Invoking this legislation, the U. Government has continued its arms sales to Taiwan, interference in China's internal affairs and obstruction to Taiwan's reunification with the mainland. In order to resolve the issue of U. In September the U. Government even decided to sell F high-performance fighter aircraft to Taiwan.

This action of the U. Government has added a new stumbling block in the way of the development of Sino-U. It is clear from the foregoing that the U. Government is responsible for holding up the settlement of the Taiwan Question. Since the s many Americans of vision and goodwill in or outside the administration have contributed much by way of helping to resolve the differences between China and the U. On the other hand, one cannot fail to note that there are people in the U.

They have cooked up various pretexts and exerted influence to obstruct the settlement of the Taiwan question. The Chinese Government is convinced that the American and the Chinese peoples are friendly to each other and that the normal development of the relations between the two countries accords with the long-term interests and common aspiration of both peoples.

The Chinese Government's Basic Position Regarding Settlement of the Taiwan Question To settle the Taiwan question and achieve national reunification -- this is a sacrosanct mission of the entire Chinese people. The Chinese Government has persistently worked towards this end since the founding of the People's Republic. Its basic position on this question is: Peaceful reunification; one country, two systems -- how has this position been formulated?

The Chinese Government conceived a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question as early as in the s. In May the late Premier Zhou Enlai said at a NPC Standing Committee meeting that two alternatives were open to the Chinese people for the solution of the Taiwan question -- by resort to war or by peaceful means. The Chinese people would strive for a peaceful solution wherever possible, he affirmed. In April the late Chairman Mao Zedong put forward thoughts for policy-making such as ''peace is the best option'', ''all patriots are of one family'' and ''it is never too late to join the ranks of patriots''.

However, those wishes have not come to fruition for reasons such as interference by foreign forces. Major changes took place in and outside China in the s. Diplomatic ties were established and relations normalized between China and the United States. In the meantime, people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits, compatriots of Hong Kong and Macao as well as overseas Chinese and people of Chinese descent all expressed their fervent hope that the two sides of the Straits would join hands to work for a resurgence of China.

It was against this historical background that the Chinese Government formulated the position of ''peaceful reunification; one country, two systems''. The position takes the overall national interests and the future of the country into consideration. It respects history as well as the prevailing situation. It is realistic and takes care of the interests of all. On 1 January the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China issued a message to compatriots in Taiwan, pronouncing the Chinese Government's basic position regarding peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question.

Cross-Strait relations

It called for the holding of talks between the two sides of the Straits to seek an end to the military confrontation. It pledged that in the pursuit of national reunification, the Government ''will respect the status quo on Taiwan and the views of people of all walks of life there and adopt reasonable polices and measures''.

He affirmed that ''after the country is reunified, Taiwan can enjoy a high degree of autonomy as a special administrative region'' and proposed that talks be held on an equal footing between the ruling Parties on each side of the Straits, namely, the Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang.

Referring to Ye Jianying's remarks, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping pointed out on 11 January that this in effect meant ''one country, two systems'', i.

On 26 June Deng Xiaoping further enunciated the concept of peaceful reunification, stressing that the crucial point was national reunification. He went on to expound the Government's policy on reunification and on the creation of a Taiwan special administrative region. Representatives from other parties, mass organizations and all circles on both sides of the Taiwan Straits could be invited to join in such talks. This position is an important component of the theory and practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and a fundamental state policy of the Chinese Government which will not change for a long time to come.

Its basic contents are as follows: There is only one China in the world, Taiwan is an inalienable part of China and the seat of China's central government is in Beijing. This is a universally recognized fact as well as the premise for a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question. The Chinese Government is firmly against any words or deeds designed to split China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. It opposes ''two Chinas'', ''one China, one Taiwan'', ''one country, two governments'' or any attempt or act that could lead to ''independence of Taiwan''.

The Chinese people on both sides of the Straits all believe that there is only one China and espouse national reunification. Taiwan's status as an inalienable part of China has been determined and cannot be changed. Coexistence of two systems. On the premise of one China, socialism on the mainland and capitalism on Taiwan can coexist and develop side by side for a long time without one swallowing up the other.

reunification of china and taiwan relationship

This concept has largely taken account of the actual situation in Taiwan and practical interests of our compatriots there. It will be a unique feature and important innovation in the state system of a reunified China.

After reunification, Taiwan's current socio-economic system, its way of life as well as economic and cultural ties with foreign countries can remain unchanged. Private property, including houses and land, as well as business ownership, legal inheritance and overseas Chinese and foreign investments on the island will all be protected by law. A high degree of autonomy. After reunification, Taiwan will become a special administrative region. It will be distinguished from the other provinces or regions of China by its high degree of autonomy.

It will have its own administrative and legislative powers, an independent judiciary and the right of adjudication on the island. It will run its own party, political, military, economic and financial affairs. It may conclude commercial and cultural agreements with foreign countries and enjoy certain rights in foreign affairs.

It may keep its military forces and the mainland will not dispatch troops or administrative personnel to the island. On the other hand, representatives of the government of the special administrative region and those from different circles of Taiwan may be appointed to senior posts in the central government and participate in the running of national affairs. It is the common aspiration of the entire Chinese people to achieve reunification of the country by peaceful means through contacts and negotiations.

People on both sides of the Straits are all Chinese. It would be a great tragedy for all if China's territorial integrity and sovereignty were to be split and its people were to be drawn into a fratricide. Peaceful reunification will greatly enhance the cohesion of the Chinese nation.

It will facilitate Taiwan's socio-economic stability and development and promote the resurgence and prosperity of China as a whole. In order to put an end to hostility and achieve peaceful reunification, the two sides should enter into contacts and negotiations at the earliest possible date. On the premise of one China, both sides can discuss any subject, including the modality of negotiations, the question of what Parties, groups and personalities may participate as well as any other matters of concern to the Taiwan side.

So long as the two sides sit down and talk, they will always be able to find a mutually acceptable solution. Taking into account the prevailing situation on both sides of the Straits, the Chinese Government has proposed that pending reunification the two sides should, according to the principle of mutual respect, complementarity and mutual benefit, actively promote economic cooperation and other exchanges.

Direct trade, postal, air and shipping services and two-way visits should be started in order to pave the way for the peaceful reunification of the country. Peaceful reunification is a set policy of the Chinese Government.

reunification of china and taiwan relationship

However, any sovereign state is entitled to use any means it deems necessary, including military ones, to uphold its sovereignty and territorial integrity. The Chinese Government is under no obligation to undertake any commitment to any foreign power or people intending to split China as to what means it might use to handle its own domestic affairs. It should be pointed out that the Taiwan question is purely an internal affair of China and bears no analogy to the cases of Germany and Korea which were brought about as a result of international accords at the end of the Second World War.

Therefore, the Taiwan question should not be placed on a par with the situation of Germany or Korea. The Taiwan question should and entirely can be resolved judiciously through bilateral consultations and within the framework of one China.

Evolution and Stumbling Blocks The present division between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits is a misfortune for the Chinese nation. All the Chinese people are yearning for an early end to this agonizing situation. In order to enable normal movement of people across the Straits and to achieve reunification of the country, the Chinese Government has made proposals towards this end and, at the same time, adopted measures to step up the development of inter-Straits relations.

On the political plane, policy adjustments have been made with a view to breaking down the mentality of hostility. The Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate have decided respectively that people who had gone to Taiwan would no longer be prosecuted for offenses prior to the founding of the People's Republic of China.

On the military plane, initiatives have been taken to ease military confrontation across the Straits. Shelling of Jinmen and other islands have been discontinued. Some forward defense positions and observation posts along the Fujian coast have been transformed into economic development zones or tourist attractions. On the economic plane, doors have been flung open to facilitate the flow of goods and people.

Businessmen from Taiwan are welcome to invest or trade on the mainland. They are accorded preferential treatment and legal safeguards. The Chinese Government has also adopted a positive attitude and taken measures to encourage bilateral exchanges and cooperation in areas such as two-way travels, post and communications as well as scientific, cultural, sports, academic and journalistic activities. A non-governmental Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits has been set up and authorized by the Government to liaise with the Straits Exchange Foundation and other relevant non-governmental bodies in Taiwan for the purpose of upholding the legitimate rights and interests of people on both sides and promoting inter-Straits relations.

Such policies and measures of the Chinese Government have won the understanding and support of more and more Taiwan compatriots, compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao as well as overseas Chinese and people of Chinese descent. On their part, Taiwan compatriots have contributed tremendously to the development of inter-Straits relations. In recent years the Taiwan authorities have in turn made readjustments in their policy regarding the mainland.

They have taken steps to ease the situation, such as allowing people to visit relatives on the mainland, gradually reducing the restrictions on people-to-people exchanges and contact, expanding indirect trade, permitting indirect investment and cutting red tape in inter-Straits post, telecommunications and bank remittance services.

All these are conducive to better interchanges. The past few years have witnessed rapid growth of economic relations and trade as well as increasing mutual visits and sundry exchanges across the Straits. All these countries recognize that there is only one China and that the Government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legal government of China and Taiwan is part of China. It became an issue only as an aftermath of the ensuing anti-popular civil war started by Kuomintang, and more especially because of intervention by foreign forces.

Taiwan question and civil war launched by Kuomintang. During the war of resistance against Japanese aggression the Chinese Communist Party and other patriotic groups pressed Kuomintang into a national united front with the Communist Party to fight Japanese imperialist aggression.

After victory of the war the two Parties should have joined hands to work for the resurgence of China. But the Kuomintang clique headed by Chiang Kaishek flouted the people's fervent aspirations for peace and for building an independent, democratic and prosperous new China.

The Chinese people were compelled to respond with a people's liberation war which was to last more than three years under the leadership of the Communist Party. Since the Kuomintang clique had already been spurned by the people of all nationalities for its reign of terror, the government of the "Republic of China" in Nanjing was finally overthrown by the Chinese people.

The People's Republic of China was proclaimed on 1 October and the Government of the new People's Republic became the sole legal government of China. A group of military and political officials of the Kuomintang clique took refuge in Taiwan and, with the support of the then U.

Taiwan question and responsibility of the United States. Against the backdrop of East-West confrontation in the wake of the Second World War and guided by its conceived global strategy and national interest considerations, the U. Truman had to admit this. Dean Acheson lamented in his letter: Nothing that was left undone by this country has contributed to it.

It was the product of internal Chinese forces, forces which this country tried to influence but could not. But it failed to do so. Instead, it adopted a policy of isolation and containment of New China. When the Korean War broke out, it started armed intervention in the inter-Taiwan Straits relations which were entirely China's internal affairs. On 27 June President Truman announced: In December the U. The erroneous policy of the U. In order to ease tension in the Taiwan Straits area and seek ways of solving the dispute between the two countries, the Chinese Government started dialogues with the United States from the mids onwards.

The Taiwan Question and Reunification of China

The two countries held sessions of talks at ambassadorial level from August to February However, no progress had been made in that period on the key issue of easing and removing tension in the Taiwan Straits area.

It was not until late s and early s when the international situation had undergone changes and as New China had gained in strength that the U. In October the United Nations General Assembly adopted at its 26th session Resolution which restored all the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and expelled the "representatives" of the Taiwan authorities from the U. President Richard Nixon visited China in February in the course of which the two countries issued a joint communiqu'e??

The United States Government does not challenge that position. Government accepted the three principles proposed by the Chinese Government for the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries, namely, the United States should sever "diplomatic relations" and abrogate the "mutual defense treaty" with the Taiwan authorities and withdraw U. On 1 January China and the United States formally established diplomatic relations. The Communiqu'e on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations said that: Within this context, the people of the United States will maintain cultural, commercial and other unofficial relations with the people of Taiwan Regrettably, however, scarcely three months after the event, a so-called Taiwan Relations Act was passed by the U.

Congress and signed into law by the President. A domestic legislation of the U. Invoking this legislation, the U.

Xi Jinping says Taiwan 'must and will be' reunited with China - BBC News

Government has continued its arms sales to Taiwan, interference in China's internal affairs and obstruction to Taiwan's reunification with the mainland. In order to resolve the issue of U. Government has not only failed to implement the communiqu'e? In September the U. Government even decided to sell F high-performance fighter aircraft to Taiwan.

This action of the U. Government has added a new stumbling block in the way of the development of Sino-U. It is clear from the foregoing that the U. Government is responsible for holding up the settlement of the Taiwan question. Since the s many Americans of vision and goodwill in or outside the administration have contributed much by way of helping to resolve the differences between China and the U. The aforesaid three joint communiqu'e testify to their effort and contribution of which the Chinese Government and people are highly appreciative.

On the other hand, one cannot fail to note that there are people in the U. They have cooked up various pretexts and exerted influence to obstruct the settlement of the Taiwan question.

The Chinese Government is convinced that the American and the Chinese peoples are friendly to each other and that the normal development of the relations between the two countries accords with the long-term interests and common aspiration of both peoples.

Both countries should cherish the three hard-won joint communiqu'e? As long as both sides abide by the principles enshrined in those communique? The Chinese Government's Basic Position Regarding Settlement of the Taiwan Question To settle the Taiwan question and achieve national reunification -- this is a sacrosanct mission of the entire Chinese people.

The Chinese Government has persistently worked towards this end since the founding of the People's Republic. Its basic position on this question is: Peaceful reunification; one country, two systems -- how has this position been formulated? The Chinese Government conceived a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question as early as in the s.

In May the late Premier Zhou Enlai said at a NPC Standing Committee meeting that two alternatives were open to the Chinese people for the solution of the Taiwan question -- by resort to war or by peaceful means. The Chinese people would strive for a peaceful solution wherever possible, he affirmed.

In April the late Chairman Mao Zedong put forward thoughts for policymaking such as "peace is the best option", "all patriots are of one family" and "it is never too late to join the ranks of patriots". However, those wishes have not come to fruition for reasons such as interference by foreign forces.

Major changes took place in and outside China in the s. Diplomatic ties were established and relations normalized between China and the United States. In the meantime, people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits, compatriots of Hong Kong and Macao as well as overseas Chinese and people of Chinese descent all expressed their fervent hope that the two sides of the Straits would join hands to work for a resurgence of China.

It was against this historical background that the Chinese Government formulated the position of "peaceful reunification; one country, two systems". The position takes the overall national interests and the future of the country into consideration.

  • China-Taiwan reunification is inevitable: Xi Jinping
  • Xi Jinping says Taiwan 'must and will be' reunited with China

It respects history as well as the prevailing situation. It is realistic and takes care of the interests of all. On 1 January the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China issued a message to compatriots in Taiwan, pronouncing the Chinese Government's basic position regarding peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question.

It called for the holding of talks between the two sides of the Straits to seek an end to the military confrontation. It pledged that in the pursuit of national reunification, the Government "will respect the status quo on Taiwan and the views of people of all walks of life there and adopt reasonable policies and measures". He affirmed that "after the country is reunified, Taiwan can enjoy a high degree of autonomy as a special administrative region" and proposed that talks be held on an equal footing between the ruling Parties on each side of the Straits, namely, the Chinese Communist Party and the Kuomintang.

Referring to Ye Jianying's remarks, Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping pointed out on 11 January that this in effect meant "one country, two systems", i. On 26 June Deng Xiaoping further enunciated the concept of peaceful reunification, stressing that the crucial point was national reunification.

He went on to expound the Government's policy on reunification and on the creation of a Taiwan special administrative region. We reiterate that the Chinese Communist Party is ready to establish contact with the Chinese Kuomintang at the earliest possible date to create conditions for talks on officially ending the state of hostility between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits and gradually realizing peaceful reunification.

Representatives from other parties, mass organizations and all circles on both sides of the Taiwan Straits could be invited to join in such talks.

This position is an important component of the theory and practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics and a fundamental state policy of the Chinese Government which will not change for a long time to come. Its basic contents are as follows: There is only one China in the world, Taiwan is an inalienable part of China and the seat of China's central government is in Beijing. This is a universally recognized fact as well as the premise for a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question.

The Chinese Government is firmly against any words or deeds designed to split China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. It opposes "two Chinas", "one China, one Taiwan", "one country, two governments" or any attempt or act that could lead to "independence of Taiwan". The Chinese people on both sides of the Straits all believe that there is only one China and espouse national reunification. Taiwan's status as an inalienable part of China has been determined and cannot be changed.

Coexistence of two systems. On the premise of one China, socialism on the mainland and capitalism on Taiwan can coexist and develop side by side for a long time without one swallowing up the other. This concept has largely taken account of the actual situation in Taiwan and practical interests of our compatriots there. It will be a unique feature and important innovation in the state system of a reunified China. After reunification, Taiwan's current socio-economic system, its way of life as well as economic and cultural ties with foreign countries can remain unchanged.

Private property, including houses and land, as well as business ownership, legal inheritance and overseas Chinese and foreign investments on the island will all be protected by law.

A high degree of autonomy.

Chinese unification

After reunification, Taiwan will become a special administrative region. It will be distinguished from the other provinces or regions of China by its high degree of autonomy. It will have its own administrative and legislative powers, an independent judiciary and the right of adjudication on the island. It will run its own party, political, military, economic and financial affairs. It may conclude commercial and cultural agreements with foreign countries and enjoy certain rights in foreign affairs.

It may keep its military forces and the mainland will not dispatch troops or administrative personnel to the island. On the other hand, representatives of the government of the special administrative region and those from different circles of Taiwan may be appointed to senior posts in the central government and participate in the running of national affairs.

It is the common aspiration of the entire Chinese people to achieve reunification of the country by peaceful means through contacts and negotiations. People on both sides of the Straits are all Chinese. It would be a great tragedy for all if China's territorial integrity and sovereignty were to be split and its people were to be drawn into a fratricide. Peaceful reunification will greatly enhance the cohesion of the Chinese nation. It will facilitate Taiwan's socio-economic stability and development and promote the resurgence and prosperity of China as a whole.

In order to put an end to hostility and achieve peaceful reunification, the two sides should enter into contacts and negotiations at the earliest possible date. On the premise of one China, both sides can discuss any subject, including the modality of negotiations, the question of what Parties, groups and personalities may participate as well as any other matters of concern to the Taiwan side.

So long as the two sides sit down and talk, they will always be able to find a mutually acceptable solution. Taking into account the prevailing situation on both sides of the Straits, the Chinese Government has proposed that pending reunification the two sides should, according to the principle of mutual respect, complementarity and mutual benefit, actively promote economic cooperation and other exchanges.

Direct trade, postal, air and shipping services and two-way visits should be started in order to pave the way for the peaceful reunification of the country. Peaceful reunification is a set policy of the Chinese Government. However, any sovereign state is entitled to use any means it deems necessary, including military ones, to uphold its sovereignty and territorial integrity. The Chinese Government is under no obligation to undertake any commitment to any foreign power or people intending to split China as to what means it might use to handle its own domestic affairs.

It should be pointed out that the Taiwan question is purely an internal affair of China and bears no analogy to the cases of Germany and Korea which were brought about as a result of international accords at the end of the Second World War. Therefore, the Taiwan question should not be placed on a par with the situation of Germany or Korea. The Taiwan question should and entirely can be resolved judiciously through bilateral consultations and within the framework of one China.

Evolution and Stumbling Blocks The present division between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits is a misfortune for the Chinese nation. All the Chinese people are yearning for an early end to this agonizing situation. In order to enable normal movement of people across the Straits and to achieve reunification of the country, the Chinese Government has made proposals towards this end and, at the same time, adopted measures to step up the development of inter-Straits relations.

On the political plane, policy adjustments have been made with a view to breaking down the mentality of hostility. The Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate have decided respectively that people who had gone to Taiwan would no longer be prosecuted for offenses prior to the founding of the People's Republic of China.

On the military plane, initiatives have been taken to ease military confrontation across the Straits. Shelling of Jinmen and other islands have been discontinued.

Some forward defense positions and observation posts along the Fujian coast have been transformed into economic development zones or tourist attractions. On the economic plane, doors have been flung open to facilitate the flow of goods and people.

Businessmen from Taiwan are welcome to invest or trade on the mainland. They are accorded preferential treatment and legal safeguards. The Chinese Government has also adopted a positive attitude and taken measures to encourage bilateral exchanges and cooperation in areas such as two-way travels, post and communications as well as scientific, cultural, sports, academic and journalistic activities. A non-governmental Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits has been set up and authorized by the Government to liaise with the Straits Exchange Foundation and other relevant non-governmental bodies in Taiwan for the purpose of upholding the legitimate rights and interests of people on both sides and promoting inter-Straits relations.

Such policies and measures of the Chinese Government have won the understanding and support of more and more Taiwan compatriots, compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao as well as overseas Chinese and people of Chinese descent. On their part, Taiwan compatriots have contributed tremendously to the development of inter-Straits relations.

In recent years the Taiwan authorities have in turn made readjustments in their policy regarding the mainland. They have taken steps to ease the situation, such as allowing people to visit relatives on the mainland, gradually reducing the restrictions on people-to-people exchanges and contact, expanding indirect trade, permitting indirect investment and cutting red tape in inter-Straits post, telecommunications and bank remittance services.

All these are conducive to better interchanges. The past few years have witnessed rapid growth of economic relations and trade as well as increasing mutual visits and sundry exchanges across the Straits. The Wang Daohan--Koo Chen-fu Talks in April resulted in four agreements, marking a step forward of historic significance in inter-Straits relations. Thus an atmosphere of relaxation prevails in the Taiwan Straits for the first time in the past four decades.

This is auspicious to peaceful reunification. It should be pointed out that notwithstanding a certain measure of easing up by the Taiwan authorities, their current policy vis-a-vis the mainland still seriously impedes the development of relations across the Straits as well as the reunification of the country.

They talk about the necessity of a reunified China, but their deeds are always a far cry from the principle of one China.