Omar Bradley - Wikipedia
General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley (February 12, – April 8, ), nicknamed Brad After Patton was reassigned, Bradley commanded II Corps in the Tunisia Campaign and the Allied invasion of Sicily. . down crops for extra food. However, for the most part, residents and soldiers established good relations. donnas in the relationship between George Patton and Bernard Montgomery. The Russians hated him, The Brits hated him and Bradley could only just. George S. Patton, during the International Conference on World War II in Bradley," Waters said, acknowledging that the relationship was not.
The movie also suggests that Patton and Gen. Dwight Eisenhower were distant, whereas they had been close friends for decades. Both had been early advocates for tank warfare after World War I In the movie, Patton got in a lot of trouble for slapping a soldier that he thought was a coward. There were actually two different soldiers he slapped. He was proud of his actions and bragged about them to General Bradley Scott, the actor who played Patton, enlisted in the Marine Corps in The war ended before he was able to be deployed.
He spent the remainder of his time in the service at Arlington National Cemetery, working on a burial detail Patton was a direct descendant of General Hugh Mercer, an American officer who died of his wounds at the Battle of Princeton 9. The European battle scenes were shot in Spain, which offered widely varied landforms in a small area. The large groups of soldiers, both Americans and Germans, were soldiers of the Spanish Army.
That army still used many World War II-era vehicles, which made equipping them for the movie easier After its release, a rumor circulated that President Nixon had become obsessed with it. Sarantakes describes the rumor: He saw it again and again and again. On August 3,Patton slapped a private in his unit. Bennett was in the hospital where Patton was visiting his injured troops.
Patton and Bradley: A family's perspective | The American Legion
Then there lay a man without a scratch, no broken bones, blood, who sat there in tears and said he could not take it, that his nerves had gotten to him. Your nerves, Hell, you are just a goddamned coward, you yellow-son of a bitch. Shut up that goddamn crying. I won't have these brave men here who have been shot seeing a yellow bastard sitting here crying. You're a disgrace to the Army and you're going back to the front to fight, although that's too good for you.
You ought to be lined up against a wall and shot. Patton ordered that this man be released because there was nothing wrong with him. Patton then claimed after the soldier had left, "I won't have these brave boys seeing such a bastard baby.
Could there have been separate tents; one that had men had physical injuries and other with emotion difficulties as well. That these two types of injuries are two totally different and the atmosphere should be different.
Patton was out of line for slapping the man, he was wrong for his actions, however, he also did what he felt was right for his solider. Patton claimed that he slapped the solider in hopes to make him mad and put some fight back into his heart. Thought that if he made the man mad, he would be mad enough to fight. That men were showing a yellow streak. He [Patton] didn't agree with me that every man has a breaking point. To George, everyone who doesn't want to fight was a coward. Eisenhower had the story hushed up as long as he could, because he knew going into the European campaign knowing Patton was going to be one of the combat leaders.
David Eisenhower, his grandson, describes how Eisenhower told his deputy about the situation, "he would do anything not to relieve him. Eisenhower wrote Patton a letter telling him what changes needed to occur, along with Patton will still a part of the team, however needed to learn how to control himself. Eisenhower also told Patton that this "behavior will not be tolerated in this theater no matter who the offender may be.
I first wrote him a sharp letter of reprimand in which I informed him that repetition of such an offense would be cause for his instant relief. I informed him also that his retention as a commander in my theater would be contingent on his offering an apology to the two men whom he had insulted. I demanded also that he apologize to all the personnel of the hospital present at the time of the incident.
Finally I required that he appear before the officers and representative groups of each of his divisions to assure them that he had given way to impulse and respect their positions as fighting soldiers of a democratic nation. Eisenhower still knew what Patton could and would do with an army, and he knew what Patton would do to help the Allies win the war in Europe. He knew this by Patton's past assignments; he always completed his job, and he provided on the military knowledge that could not been taught.
The argument was made that Patton was one of Eisenhower's best commanders. There is no doubt about this question; however, the real question lies if he can lead an entire army without any problems. One cannot question that Patton was an excellent commander; however, he could never control his tongue. If Patton had not been the successful commander that he was, it was certain that he would have been sent home immediately.
These acts would not have been tolerated from someone else, but many times the ends justify the means. Even though Patton stepped over the line by slapping a soldier, he was successful, and at the time, it was in the best interest of Eisenhower to keep him around. Eisenhower knew Patton would be needed to help defeat the Germans.
Eisenhower thought about Patton after the slapping incident. He thought what could he do with Patton and who George S. Ike makes a point that in any army one-third of the soldiers are natural fighters and brave; two-thirds inherently are cowards and skulkers. By making the two-thirds fear the possible public upbraiding such as Patton gave during his campaign, the skulkers are forced to fight.
Ike said Patton's method was deplorable but his result was excellent. Steven Ambrose explains, "Patton was an excellent combat commander. By implication, that was his limit; commanding an army group was beyond his capabilities. During a stressful moment, Patton slapped one of his own men when he should have tried to help the man through his pains.
When Patton felt that he was helping this young man out, by giving him discipline that he needed. In his eyes courage and cowardice were alternative choices open to every man no matter what his emotional stress; furthermore he believed that every man had the power to choose between the two.
Ambrose's statement above demonstrates the central point of Eisenhower's reasoning. He knew Patton was a successful field commander, but did not know if he was equal to leading of the whole campaign as Bradley. However, Bradley did not feel the same way as Eisenhower did, he stated that, "I [Bradley] would have relieved him instantly and would have nothing more to do with him.
He was colorful, but was impetuous… His whole concept of command was opposite to mine. He was primarily a showman. The show always seemed to come first. To him the best thing would have been to send him home at once. At this time, Eisenhower was planning for the invasion of France and because of his recent actions; it looked as if Patton would not come a part of the invasions.
Eisenhower was going to make Patton wait and give the Allied Nations a chance to forget Patton's poor judgment. The relationship between these two was seriously in danger at this time. On one hand, Patton was criticizing Eisenhower by calling him British, on the other hand Eisenhower saying he did not know if he could trust Patton. Patton was also upset with Eisenhower for not being aggressive enough and appeased to Alexander, Churchill, and Montgomery. None of these contentions were healthy for a personal relationship that once was strong.
Eisenhower now had to decide the plans for Patton in the upcoming invasion of continental Europe. Patton had worked under Eisenhower for all of World War II and now he was going to be looking from behind on the biggest task ever asked for an American to accomplish. Patton had to wait and see what Eisenhower would do with him. Would behave be a large or small scale role in the European Theater? Operation Fortitude While Patton sat in England, in earlywaiting for the news of his next mission, the orders of Fortitude South were presented to him.
Patton to lead the First U. The Germans thought Patton was the best commander in the Allied camp and expected him to be the leader of the assault. Eisenhower…used Patton's reputation and visibility to strengthen Fortitude South. Patton had no say in the matter, it was either this or be sent home.Eisenhower, Patton, Bradley, inspect Ohrdruf Labor camp
The plan was as follows: Eisenhower and the Allied intelligence establishment an attack at the Pas de Calais, with a subsidiary attack on Norway, and secondary that in the initial assault waves there would be 10 or more divisions, with a follow-up capacity of another 65 divisions. Ambrose also points out that even after June 6, the Germans still thought that the main attack would come at Pas de Calais, and that Normandy was a feint.
The Germans kept troops located at Pas de Calais in case Patton did invade. To the Germans this also explained the absent of Patton in Normandy, the Germans believed he was the Allies best; therefore the main attack was still in the planning.
He knew what the Germans thought of Patton. Eisenhower had false rumors sent out about Operation Fortitude. They realized that this had to be the main attack, because they had also heard rumors that Bradley was the commander of the First Army. The Germans did know much about Bradley, so Patton would have to be the commander over an unknown man. Patton was unable to do so. Patton was asked by the organizers to give a speech, he agreed to as long as there were no reporters or press of any sort.
The organizers promised him this, and he went. At this speech he said, "that the British and the American are two people separated by a common language. Since it is evident destiny of the British and Americans rule the world, the better we know each other the better job we will do.
Patton claimed he did mention them and that he was set up. In Martin Blumenson's book, Patton: Man Behind the Legend, he says Patton said, "British and Americans, who, together with the Russians, were bound to rule the world. However, in the papers the next day, it said that that Patton never mentioned the Russians.
Ambrose and John Eisenhower also state that Patton said nothing about the Russians. This put Eisenhower in even worse trouble than the slapping incident, because now Patton had upset the Russians, whom Eisenhower was having a difficult time pleasing anyway. After the incident, Eisenhower wrote to Patton saying, "I am thoroughly weary of your failure to control your tongue and have begun to doubt your all-round judgment, so essential in high military positions.
If Eisenhower thought he could have won this war without Patton, he would have immediately removed him from his position. He believed that the reporters of Britain or even his own commanders had set him up. Patton said to Eisenhower after he had sent him the letter. Was the "Knutsford Affair" part of the Fortitude deception scheme? If it was, then the Allied high command had gambled not only with Patton's reputation but his career.
They were certainly not above that kind of manipulation, but there was never any proof at the time. Only after Fortitude was buried did evidence emerge that the LCS and the Allied Supreme Command, for reason of deception, had indeed played with Patton's reputation. But the devices used to advertise Patton would prove to be artless compared to the stratagems that were employed to create his fictitious command—the Quicksilver army group, First U.
How could this have occurred? Would Eisenhower have ruined his old friends reputation [what was left of it] just to make sure that Fortitude was successful? John Eisenhower said his father, "put no faith in Fortitude.
He did not believe that deception plans made any difference in war, and the more ambitious they were, the more likely they were to fail. If Patton were not the commander of the First Army, there would have been no need for him to make a statement like this [referring to the Knutsford speech]. However, if he was the commander of the First Army, the Germans would think Patton was back to his old antics, it was expected of Patton to make these comments.
This was expected because Patton always tended to speak on issues when he had allegations brought against him. Many of his problems came when he spoke out when he was in a time of trouble or when his actions brought repercussions against him. Lieutenant Colonel Bradley was assigned to General Headquarters during the Louisiana Maneuvers but as a courier and observer in the field, he gained invaluable experience for the future.
Colonel Bradley assisted in the planning of the maneuvers, and kept the General Staff in Washington, D. Some soldiers even slept in some of the residents' houses. Bradley said it was so crowded in those houses sometimes when the soldiers were sleeping, there would hardly be any walking room.
Bradley also said a few of the troops were disrespectful towards the residents' land and crops, and would tear down crops for extra food. However, for the most part, residents and soldiers established good relations. It was re-released by The Modern Library in The book is based on an extensive diary maintained by his aide de camp, Chester B. Hansen, who ghost wrote the book using that diary. Hansen's diary is maintained by the U.
Bradley oversaw the division's transformation into the first American airborne division and took parachute training. Bradley then took command of the 28th Infantry Divisionwhich was a National Guard division with soldiers mostly from the state of Pennsylvania.
Bradley did not receive a front-line command until earlyafter Operation Torch. Brown as commander of the 28th Division, but instead was sent to North Africa to be Eisenhower's front-line troubleshooter. At Bradley's suggestion, II Corpswhich had just suffered a great defeat at the Kasserine Passwas overhauled from top to bottom, and Eisenhower installed George S.
Patton as corps commander in March Patton requested Bradley as his deputy, but Bradley retained the right to represent Eisenhower as well. Bradley continued to command II Corps in the invasion of Sicily and was promoted to temporary lieutenant general in June Normandy [ edit ] Bradley moved to London as commander in chief of the American ground forces preparing to invade France in First Army, listens as Major General J.
June On June 10, General Bradley and his staff debarked to establish a headquarters ashore. During July he inspected the modifications made by Curtis G. Culin to Sherman tanks, that led to the Rhino tank. Later in July, he planned Operation Cobrathe beginning of the breakout from the Normandy beachhead. Operation Cobra called for the use of strategic bombers using huge bomb loads to attack German defensive lines. After several postponements due to weather, the operation began on July 25, with a short, very intensive bombardment with lighter explosives, designed so as not to create more rubble and craters that would slow Allied progress.
Bradley was horrified when 77 planes bombed short and dropped bombs on their own troops, including General Lesley J. Scores of our troops were hit, their bodies flung from slit trenches. Doughboys were dazed and frightened A bomb landed squarely on McNair in a slit trench and threw his body sixty feet and mangled it beyond recognition except for the three stars on his collar. Bradley sent in three infantry divisions—the 9th, 4th and 30th—to move in close behind the bombing. The infantry succeeded in cracking the German defenses, opening the way for advances by armored forces commanded by Patton to sweep around the German lines.
As the build-up continued in Normandy, the Third Army was formed under Patton, Bradley's former commander, while General Hodges succeeded Bradley in command of the First Army; together, they made up Bradley's new command, the 12th Army Group.
By August, the 12th Army Group had swollen to overmen and ultimately consisted of four field armies. It was the largest group of American soldiers to ever serve under one field commander. Hitler 's refusal to allow his army to flee the rapidly advancing Allied pincer movement created an opportunity to trap an entire German Army Group in northern France.
On August 13,concerned that American troops would clash with Canadian forces advancing from the north-west, Bradley overrode Patton's orders for a further push north towards Falaise, while ordering XV Corps to 'concentrate for operations in another direction'. The success of the advance had taken the Allied high command by surprise. They had expected the German Wehrmacht to make stands on the natural defensive lines provided by the French rivers, and had not prepared the logistics for the much deeper advance of the Allied armies, so fuel ran short.