What is National Socialism? | Nazi Germany | The Second World War | Warzone | Yesterday Channel
But there is a considerable difference in the socialism of Hitler and that of National-Socialism or German: Nationalsozialismus is a philosophy or world view . On National Socialism and World Relations: Speech Delivered in the German Reichstag on January 30th (Classic Reprint) [Adolf Hitler] on miyagi-marugoto2012.info What are the ideals behind National Socialism and why did it strike a chord with so Adolf Hitler's dream for a new world order under the Nazi party ended the day it suggested a relation between his teaching of evolution by natural selection.
All military, political, and propaganda measures to this end must be closely coordinated during the preparatory period. As central agency abroad I nominate Special Staff F, which is to take part in all plans and actions in the Arab area, whose headquarters are to be in the area of the Commander Armed Forces South-east. The most competent available experts and agents will be made available to it. In the first place, there is no such thing as Arabs. To speak in the singular of an Arab discourse is an aberration.
The Arab world is driven by a multiplicity of points of view.
At the time, one could single out four major ideological currents, which extend from western liberalism, through Marxism and nationalism, to Islamic fundamentalism. In regard to these four, two, namely western liberalism and Marxism, clearly rejected Nazism, in part on shared grounds such as the heritage of enlightenment thinkers, and the denunciation of Nazism as a form of racismand partially because of their geopolitical affiliations.
On this issue, Arab nationalism is contradictory.
If one looks into it closely, however, the number of nationalistic groups which identified themselves with Nazi propaganda turns out to be quite scaled-down. There is only one clone of Nazism in the Arab world, namely the Syrian social national partywhich was founded by a Lebanese Christian, Antoun Saadeh. The Young Egypt Party flirted for a time with Nazism, but it was a fickle, weathercock party.
As to accusations that the Ba'ath party was, from the very outset in the s, inspired by Nazism, they are completely false. Massive programs of propaganda were launched in the Arab world, first by Fascist Italy and later on by Nazi Germany.
The Nazis in particular focused on impacting the new generation of political thinkers and activists. Chamberlain's Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, which revolves on race.
Whoever has lived during this period in Damascus will appreciate the inclination of the Arab people to Nazism, for Nazism was the power which could serve as its champion, and he who is defeated will by nature love the victor. But our belief was rather different.
They were particularly successful in recruiting several tens-of-thousands of Muslims for membership in German Schutzstaffel SS units, and as propagandists for the Arabic-speaking world. The range of collaborative activities was wide. For instance, Anwar Sadatwho later became president of Egyptwas a willing co-operator in Nazi Germany's espionage according to his own memoirs. The official German notes of that meeting contain numerous references to combatting Jews both inside and outside Europe.
The following excerpts from that meeting are statements from Hitler to the Mufti: Germany stood for uncompromising war against the Jews. That naturally included active opposition to the Jewish national home in Palestine, which was nothing other than a center, in the form of a state, for the exercise of destructive influence by Jewish interests.
This was the decisive struggle; on the political plane, it presented itself in the main as a conflict between Germany and England, but ideologically it was a battle between National Socialism and the Jews. It went without saying that Germany would furnish positive and practical aid to the Arabs involved in the same struggle, because platonic promises were useless in a war for survival or destruction in which the Jews were able to mobilize all of England's power for their ends Germany's objective would then be solely the destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere under the protection of British power.
In that hour the Mufti would be the most authoritative spokesman for the Arab world. It would then be his task to set off the Arab operations, which he had secretly prepared. When that time had come, Germany could also be indifferent to French reaction to such a declaration.
His espionage network provided the Wehrmacht with a forty-eight-hour warning of the Allied invasion of North Africa. The Wehrmacht, however, ignored this information, which turned out to be completely accurate. He is still a controversial figure, both vilified and honored by different political factions in the contemporary Arab world.
But latest research on the massive and influential radio broadcasts was able to prove "that the texts were supplied by German personnel and not, as sometimes believed, by the reader[s] of the Arabic broadcasts [ Furthermore, Goldenbaum concludes "that the man who was long regarded as the Reich's most important Muslim of all, Mohammed Amin al-Husseini, the Mufti of Jerusalem, did not play any particularly important role in this case.
Despite the fact that his Arabic speeches were broadcast by Radio Berlin and he was always presented as a role model, al-Husseini did not have any influence on the broadcast content.
What is National Socialism?
The Arabs in general did not seem to have been partners with equal rights. Instead they were secondary recipients of propaganda and orders, Goldenbaum concluded. Cooperation never went beyond the emphasized common battle against colonialism. He accuses Zionists of promulgating a 'collaborationist' narrative for partisan purposes. He proposes that the dominant Arab political attitudes were ' anti-colonialism ' and ' anti-Zionism ,' though only a comparatively small faction adopted anti-Semitismand most Arabs were actually pro- Ally and anti-Axis as evidenced by the high number of Arabs who fought for Allied forces.
The Zionist narrative of the Arab world is based centrally around one figure who is ubiquitous in this whole issue—the Jerusalem Grand Mufti Hajj Amin al-Husseini, who collaborated with the Nazis. But the historical record is actually quite diverse. The initial reaction to Nazism and Hitler in the Arab world and especially from the intellectual elite was very critical towards Nazism, which was perceived as a totalitarian, racist and imperialist phenomenon. It was criticized by the liberals or what I call the liberal Westernizers, i.
In fact, only one of the major ideological currents in the Arab world developed a strong affinity with Western anti-Semitism, and that was Islamic fundamentalism—not all Islam or Islamic movements but those with the most reactionary interpretations of Islam. They reacted to what was happening in Palestine by espousing Western anti-Semitic attitudes.
The most significant practical effect of Nazi policy on Palestine between andhowever, was to radically increase the immigration rate of German and other European Jews and to double the population of Palestinian Jews.
During this period the League of Nations Mandate for the establishment of a Jewish Homeland in Mandatory Palestine to be used as a refuge for Jews was "still internationally recognized".
The Gestapo and the SS inconsistently cooperated with a variety of Jewish organizations and efforts e. This precipitous increase in the Jewish Palestinian population stimulated Palestinian Arab political resistance to continued Jewish immigration, and was a principal cause for the — Arab revolt in Palestinewhich in turn led to the British White Paper decision to abandon the League of Nations Mandate to establish a Jewish National Home in Palestine.
Relations between Nazi Germany and the Arab world
After the majority of Zionist organizations adhered to a strategy of 'Fighting the White Paper as if there was not War, and fighting the War as if there was no White Paper. At the same time the Zionists and other Jews would ally themselves to the British battle against Germany and the Axis, even while the British blocked the escape of European Jews into Palestine. The influx into Palestine of German capital in Jewish hands will facilitate the building up of a Jewish state, which runs counter to German interests; for this state, instead of absorbing world Jewry, will someday bring about a considerable increase in world Jewry's political power.
Many of his followers, who had fought Jews and the English in Palestine, followed him and continued to work for his political goals. Among the most notable Palestinian soldiers in this category was Abd al-Qadir al-Husaynia kinsman and officer of the Mufti who had been wounded twice in the early stages of the — Arab revolt in Palestine.
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni then worked with the Mufti to support the Golden Square regime, and consequently was sentenced to prison by the British after they retook Iraq. His fellow Iraq-veteran and German collaborator Fawzi al-Qawuqji became a rival general in that same struggle against Zionism. Felmy, after the Kristallnacht pogroms in Novembermost Jewish and Zionist organizations aligned with Britain and its allies to oppose Nazi Germany.
After this time the organized assistance by the Gestapo to the Jewish organizations who transported European Jews to Palestine became much more sporadic, although bribery of individual Germans often help accomplish such operations even after official policy discouraged them. The Mufti's numerous letters appealing to various governmental authorities to prevent Jewish emigration to Palestine have been widely republished and cited as documentary evidence of his collaboration with Nazis and his participative support for their actions.
Relations between Nazi Germany and the Arab world - Wikipedia
For instance, in June the Mufti recommended to the Hungarian minister that it would be better to send Jews in Hungary to Concentration Camps in Poland rather than let them find asylum in Palestine it is not entirely clear that the Mufti was aware of the Extermination Camps in Poland, e.
Auschwitzat this time: What are the ideals behind National Socialism, and what was it that that struck a chord with so many deluded German individuals during the s and 40s? Tweet Hitler's legacy Adolf Hitler's dream for a new world order under the Nazi party ended the day he put a bullet in his brain in April Unfortunately, Nazism - or National Socialism - did not die with him and there are a frightening number of Neo Nazi groups espousing Hitler's evil political ideals throughout the globe.
But just what are the ideals behind National Socialism, and what was it that that struck a chord with so many deluded German individuals during the s and 40s? Influential works The key works that influenced Nazi ideology include the racist doctrines of the comte de Gobineau and Houston Stewart Chamberlain, combined with the nationalism of Heinrich von Treitschke, and the hero-cult of legendary philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
The Nazi dogma that Hitler espoused was also elaborated on by the fanatical Alfred Rosenberg. Vague and mystical, it was not a system of well-defined principles but rather a glorification of prejudice and myth, combined with elements of nihilism.
Unlikely bedfellows Out of all the philosophies and ideas that influenced Hitler's views, one particularly influential strand of thinking was Social Darwinism, which as you may be able to tell, emerged from the groundbreaking evolutionary research of scientist Charles Darwin. Darwin in no way shared the same murderous views as Hitler; rather, Social Darwinism was an ideology that was drawn out from various elements of Darwinian thought; it suggested a relation between his teaching of evolution by natural selection and the way humanity functions.
Basically, the notion of 'survival of the fittest', a phrase coined by its leading proponent Herbert Spencer, implied that it was the biological right for 'stronger' cultures to dominate and eventually wipe out those weaker societies.