Arjuna is Krishna's Friend Eternally | miyagi-marugoto2012.info
Krishna and Arjuna embody the archetypal Guru and Disciple, but on an even The name Bhagavad Gita translates as the Song of the Lord. If you examine your own heart, you will see how this basic relationship has been there since the beginning of your spiritual journey. At least you do when you're in big trouble. Dharma, and the call of God, must always be greater than loyalty to He disregarded Krishna's advice, which was that to drop the vow for the. According to the Mahabharata, Arjuna has four wives, the youngest of them was Krishna's sister, Subhadra. Krishna knew that the biggest obstacle to Arjuna's and Subhadra's marriage was his elder step-brother, . After listening carefully to both their claims, the grand master ruled in favour of the mind.
He was the eldest of brothers known as the Kauravas, who were born to Dhritarashtrathe blind king of Hastinapuraand his queen Gandhariprincess of Gandhara. The Pandavas were born to Pandu and his wives, Kunti and Madri by the boon given to Kunti by Durvasathat she could have a son by any god whom she respects without having any marital affair.
After Madri's marriage, Pandu voluntary renounced royal life as penance for having accidentally killed the sage Rishi Kindama and his wife. At his death, Rishi Kindama cursed Pandu that he would surely die if he attempted to have sexual relationships with his wives.
Krishna The Archetypal Mentor
Because of this curse, Kunti had to use her boon to get sons. She bore him three sons: At the request of Pandu she shared this boon with Madri to get her sons, the twins Nakula and Sahadeva from the divine Ashvin twins. As children, the Pandavas and Kauravas often played together. However, Bhima one of the Pandavas was always at odds with the Kauravas, particularly with Duryodhana, who refused to accept the Pandavas as his kin.
This usually led to much tension between the cousins.
Pandava - Wikipedia
Insecure and jealous, Duryodhana harboured intense hatred for the five brothers throughout his childhood and youth, and following the advice of his maternal uncle Shakunioften plotted to get rid of them to clear his path to the lordship of the Kuru Dynasty. This plotting took a grave turn when Dhritarashtra had to relent to the will of the masses and rightfully appointed his nephew Yudhishthira as crown prince.
This went against the personal ambitions of both father and son Dhritarashtra and Duryodhana and drove Duryodhana into such a rage that he enthusiastically agreed to an evil ploy by Shakuni to murder Yudhishthira. Shakuni commissioned the construction of a palace in Varnavrata, secretly built by incorporating flammable materials into the structure, most notably the lacquer known as lac. This palace was known as Lakshagraha. Duryodhana then successfully lobbied Dhritarashtra to send Yudhishthira to represent the royal household in Varnavrata during the celebrations of Shiva Mahotsava.
The plan was to set the palace on fire during the night while Yudhishthira would likely be asleep.
Yudhishthira left for Varnavrata, accompanied by his four brothers and their mother Kunti. The plan was discovered by their paternal uncle Vidurawho was very loyal to them and an extraordinarily wise man. In addition, Yudhishthira had been forewarned about this plot by a hermit who came to him and spoke of an imminent disaster. Vidura arranged for a tunnel to be secretly built for the Pandavs to safely escape the palace as it was set afire.
Pandavas' Journeying With Their Mother After their flight from the palace, the five brothers lived in the forests for some time disguised as Brahmins. They heard from a group of travelling sages about a contest Swayamvara being held in the Kingdom of Panchala that offered the princess Draupadi's hand in marriage to the winner. The Swayamvara turned out to rely on the skills of archery, and Arjuna, who was a peerless archer, entered the competition and won.
When the brothers took Draupadi to introduce her to their mother, they announced to Kunti that they had arrived with excellent alms. Kunti was busy with some work, and replied without turning to look at Draupadi who was the alms referred to ordering the brothers to share the alms equally amongst the five of them. Even when uttered erroneously, their mother's word was supreme for the Pandavas, and they agreed to share the princess, who was subsequently married to all five brothers.
When Dhritarashtra heard that the five brothers were alive, he invited them back to the kingdom. However, in their absence, Duryodhana had succeeded in being made the crown prince. Upon the return of the Pandavas, the issue of returning Yudhishthira's crown to him was raised.
Dhritarashtra led the subsequent discussions into ambiguity and agreed to a partition of the kingdom "to do justice to both crown princes". He retained the developed Hastinapur for himself and Duryodhana and gave the barren, arid and hostile lands of Khandavaprastha to the Pandavas.
The Pandavas successfully developed their land and built a great and lavish city, which was considered comparable to the heavens, and thus came to be known as Indraprastha. Reeling under the loss of half the lands of his future kingdom, Duryodhana's jealousy and rage were further fueled by the Pandavas' success and prosperity.
Eventually Shakuni sired yet another ploy and got Duryodhana to invite the Pandavas over to his court for a game of dice gambling. Shakuni was a master at gambling and owned a pair of dice which magically did his bidding.
Owing to this, bet after bet, Yudhishthira lost all of his wealth, and eventually his kingdom, in the game.
He was then enticed by Duryodhana and Shakuni to place his brothers as bets. Yudhishthira fell for it and put his brothers on stake, losing them too. He then placed himself as a bet and lost again. Duryodhana now played another trick and told Yudhishthira that he still had his wife Draupadi to place as a bet and if Yudhishthira won, he would return everything to the Pandavas.
Yudhishthira fell for the ruse and bet Draupadi, losing her too. At this point Duryodhana ordered that Draupadi, who was now a slave to him, be brought to the court. None of the Pandavas fought for their wife's honour. Duryodhana's younger brother Dushasana dragged Draupadi to the royal court, pulling her by her hair, insulting her dignity and asserting that she, like the Pandava brothers, was now their servant.
Duryodhana then ordered Dushasana to disrobe Draupadi before everyone, as a slave girl has no rights. The elders and warriors in audience were shocked but did not intervene. As Dushasana began to disrobe her, she prayed to God to protect her honour, and Lord Krishna protected her by providing her garments an unending length. Finally, as the blind king Dhritharasthra realized that this humiliation could prompt Draupadi to curse his sons, he intervened, apologizing to Draupadi for the behaviour of his sons, and turned the winnings of dice game back over to the Pandava brothers, releasing them from the bondage of slavery.
Arjuna shooting at the eye of a fish to win Draupadi in marriage, Kalighat painting Incensed at the loss of all that he had won, Duryodhana threatened suicide and coerced his father into inviting the Pandavas for one last round of gambling, the terms of which were that the loser would be condemned to 12 years of exile into forests and a 13th year to be spent incognito, and if the cover be blown during the 13th year, another cycle of 13 years would ensue.
Obeying their uncle's orders, the Pandavas played the round and again lost to Shakuni's cheating. However, this time, their patience had been nearly pushed to its edge. During the 12 years of exile in the forest, they prepared for war. Arjuna performed penance and won the entire gamut of celestial weapons Divyasatras as boons from the Gods.
- Why did Krishna choose Arjuna instead of Karna,Drona or Bhishma ?
- The Relationship of Arjuna and Krsna
- Relationship Between Krishna and Draupadi
They spent the 13th year masquerading as peasants in the service of the royal family of Viratathe king of Matsya. Upon completion of the terms of the last bet, the Pandavas returned and demanded that their kingdom be rightfully returned to them.
Duryodhana refused to yield Indraprastha. For the sake of peace and to avert a disastrous war, Krishna proposed that if Hastinapur agrees to give the Pandavas only five villages, they would be satisfied and would make no more demands. Duryodhana vehemently refused, commenting that he would not part even with land as much as the point of a needle.
Thus the stage was set for the great war, for which the epic of Mahabharata is known most of all. The war was intense and lasted 18 days, over the course of which both parties worked around, bent and even broke rules of warfare.
At the end, all Kaurava brothers and their entire army was slain, with only four surviving on their side. The Pandavas too lost several allies but the five brothers survived. After having won the war Yudhishthira was crowned the king.
Shortly after the death of Lord Krishna, they all decided that the time had come for them to renounce the world, as the age of Kali yuga had started. So the five Pandavas and Draupadi left to the path of liberation. For this purpose they all climbed Mount Kailashwhich leads to the Swarga Loka.
On their way, all except Yudhisthira slipped and died one by one. Arjuna violated Yudhishthira and Draupadi 's privacy while they were playing the game of dice, as he had left the Gandiva in their room. Despite the understanding of all and being forgiven by both Yudhishthira and Draupadi, Arjuna accepted the punishment agreed with Narada and set off on a twelve - year tirtha-yatra.
According to Narada, Arjuna must retire to the forest and pass his days as Brahmacharin so Arjuna retired to the forest for 12 years. Ulupi at Nagaloka[ edit ] One day Arjuna was taking bath in nearby Ganga river flow. Suddenly a current in the river pulled down Arjuna. He fell through regions and reached a place. As soon as he opened eyes, he saw a beautiful woman standing in front of him.
The woman introduced herself as Ulupi -the princess of Nagaloka. She also told Arjuna that the current was created by her in order to drag Arjuna to her land because she loved Arjuna very much as Arjuna was the greatest archer and extreme handsome person.
Arjuna explained his situation. Ulupi told him that she knew everything. Soon Ulupi married Arjuna and he set-out to finish his pilgrimage.
Arjuna is Krishna’s Friend Eternally
A son, namely Iravan was produced as the union of Arjuna and Ulupi. He reached the palace of Manipur. The king accepted Arjuna's proposal because Arjuna was extremely handsome, intelligent and attractive. According to customs of Manipura the son of the princess would become the King of Manipura.
It was a mutual benefit for Arjuna since Draupadi didn't want another woman equal to the queen in Indra Prastha. Soon a son was born to them namely Babruvahana. Meeting Hanuman [ edit ] Arjuna, after covering various shrines, arrived at Rameshwaram in the south. An age ago, Rama had established a Shivalinga here, seeking the blessings of Shiva before commencing his journey to Lanka to rescue his wife Sita. His army of monkeys and bears had constructed a bridge of stones and trees across the vast ocean.
Arjuna gazed at the remains of this bridge that had survived.
The Relationship of Arjuna and Krsna | Mahavidya
A thought struck him and he wondered aloud, "Why on Earth did a great archer like Rama have to rely on creatures like monkeys and bears to build a bridge? Why couldn't he have instead bridged the distance with arrows? Then, a small monkey who had been following the company for quite some distance replied Arjuna that Stalwarts like SugreevaNalaNeelaAngada and Hanuman adorned their ranks.
No bridge of arrows could have withstood their weight. The monkey added "Why, no bridge of arrows could even withstand my weight, puny as I am! I shall lay down a bridge of arrows. I am willing to burn myself if it fails to bear your weight. Arjuna, taking the aid of his famed quiver of inexhaustible arrows, laid down a bridge across the ocean. The monkey jumped onto it and no sooner had he walked ten paces than the bridge collapsed.
Arjuna helped the monkey out of the water and asked for another attempt. Arjuna constructed another bridge, this time laying his arrows closer to each other, and asked the monkey to try again.
The monkey set out on the bridge in the direction of the island of Lanka yet again but the bridge collapsed. Arjuna was ashamed of himself. Not wasting any more time, he prepared a pyre and was about to step into it and give up his life, in accordance with the terms of the wager when a youth held him back and stopped him.
I do not wish to continue with this life now that I have faced such great shame", replied Arjuna. The boy was aghast. Who was there to see if the challenger was playing fair? A contest without a judge is meaningless. Pray construct another bridge and this time, I shall be the judge. Infused with some confidence, Arjuna built a third bridge, using every bit of his ingenuity. Try crossing it now", he said to the monkey.
The monkey happily obliged. He walked on, but the bridge was still solid. He began to jump on the bridge but it did not collapse. The monkey was surprised. He was large as a mountain now. Arjuna was awestruck when he saw that his challenger was none other than the great Hanuman himself. He bowed his head in reverence, realizing that sooner or later his bridge would succumb to the strength of the great monkey.
The bridge did not collapse. Not even under the weight of the now gigantic Hanuman. He could not comprehend what was happening. There seemed to be no logical explanation as to why the bridge hadn't broken yet. Apparently, Hanuman couldn't fathom things either. He began jumping on the bridge but it still wouldn't yield. All the while the boy was smiling. In a moment of enlightenment, it struck both participants of the contest that their adjudicator was no ordinary boy.
Arjuna and Hanuman fell at his feet and then Vishnu was standing before them. I protected your bridge from collapsing, Arjuna. Vanity and pride undo the best of men. Dear Hanumanyou should have known better than to humiliate Arjuna thus.
He is a fine warrior, one of the best of his times. How could you drive him into giving up his life? You shall be present on the banner of Arjuna's chariot when he rides out to do battle in the great war of his age that is to come. Arjuna moved to other Tirthas, including the southern regions in Kerala. For his services, he was remunerated handsomely. Before he got this job, he was very poor and therefore was very grateful to the King for employing him. When Duryodhan was doing wrong, Drona was fully aware of it.
On some occasions he even tried to stop Duryodhan, at which Duryodhan would say: Drona, despite being an outstanding warrior, and well versed in morality, put his loyalty towards his employer before the more important and fundamental question of dharma.
Drona put his loyalty towards his employer above the bidding of Shri Krishna who tried to tell Drona not to keep supporting the side of evil just because of his loyalty to his employer. Arjuna Arjuna was a great man. Yet he had weaknesses that were actually absent in Karna, Bhishma and Drona.
He was in some ways foolhardy, saying and doing several stupid things that could have landed his brothers and himself in serious trouble. Instead of killing Yuddhistir, Arjuna instead insulted him in public. But then, Arjuna felt bad for insulting such a virtuous person as Yuddhistir, and said that he would commit suicide as there was no point even being alive after doing something so vile as insulting his own brother in public!
Krishna eventually talked Arjuna out of suicide, but Arjuna was sad that he had not kept his own word,and felt very bad. Krishna gave Arjuna a loophole. So Krishna said to Arjuna that just praise yourself in public, and your vow will be fulfilled. And thus were the lives of both Arjuna and Yuddhistir saved. Yet despite this foolhardy streak in his character, Arjuna is the one who is etched upon the heart of humanity as the ideal to which to aspire.
This story illustrates that while Arjuna was far from perfect, he had one over riding quality which sets him above and apart from the others.