Libya & Syria : The 2 Arab Allies of Iran – iakovos alhadeff
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Only recently Iran decided to rename the street in order to improve relations with Egypt. Moreover the Iranian Islamists would cause many problems in the Gulf and would make life very hard for the Arabs of the Gulf. However, when Qaddafi fall the Iranian Islamists rushed to salute the Libyan Islamists who were fighting Qaddafi, because they wanted to compete for influence with the Turks and the Saudis.
Russia preferred to abstain from the vote. Maybe the Russians did not want to go against Nichola Sarkozy who had excellent relations with Vladimir Putin. Note that the French were the first to attack Libya.
Sarkozy knew that the economic interests between Germany and Russia were more aligned than the economic interests between France and Russia. Remember that recently Putin said that Sarkozy is the next president of France. On one hand Merkel promotes the energy deals between Russia and Germany, but on the other hand she accepts to the sanctions against Russia, in order not to worry too much the Americans, the French and the English, who are already worried.
Now only the Italians are angry.
Arab League–Iran relations
Map Nord Stream 2 I must also say that Libya and Iran were both trying to develop their nuclear programs, and the Western countries were trying to prevent them from doing so. The two countries both wanted the uranium of Western Africa which was mainly used by the French. Therefore the Libyans and the Iranians both had a motive to cooperate against the French in West Africa. Qaddafi managed to have working relations with Algeria, even though both countries are exporting energy to Europe.
It is true that both were Soviet allies, it is true that Algeria is very rich in gas and Libya is very rich in oil, it is true that Algeria sells mainly to France and Libya sells mainly to Italy, but still nobody would be surprised if Libya and Algeria had very hostile relations.
I believe that one of the reasons Libya and Algeria managed to have working relations is the common threat of Morocco. Algeria and Morocco have very problematic relations because Algeria supports the independence of Western Sahara, currently under Moroccan control. Nigeria could also send oil and gas to Europe through Western Sahara and Morocco, and Nigeria is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of oil and gas reserves.
Libya, which could also be hurt by Morocco, supports Algeria on the issue of Western Sahara. One of the problems between Qaddafi and Iran was that in Qaddafi and Sarkozy agreed that France would construct in Libya a plant for the production of nuclear energy.
As you know the French are strong allies of the Arabs of the Persian Gulf, and the French have very problematic relations with the Turks and the Iranians.
I guess that after the agreement between Qaddafi and Sarkozy, Qaddafi must have promised that he would stop attacking the French in North Africa, and probably cooperate with the French against Islamists. Remember that the French need the uranium of Niger, Mali and Chad, for their production of nuclear energy. The French cover most of their energy needs with electricity produced from nuclear energy.
The Iranians, together with their Chinese allies, want the uranium of North Africa too, and Qaddafi also wanted it, at least until the agreement with the French in was made. I guess things changed when Qaddafi made the agreement with the French inbecause the Frech would use a part of the African uranium for the production of nuclear energy in Libya.
Moreover, Qaddafi had very problematic relations with the strongest ally of Iran in Africa i. Map Libya and Sudan http: That was a great problem for China too, because China is the dominant player in the oil industry of Sudan and South Sudan. The Arabs of Sudan lost their main source of revenue, and this probably played a role in their alliance with Saudi Arabia in Saudi Arabia exports oil from the red see too, through the East-West oil pipeline that ends at Yanbu Port.
The other oil exporting countries do not like that, because the huge Saudi production pushes oil prices downwards. On the other hand the non-oil exporting Muslim countries always want a share of the Saudi oil profits in order not to support the Saudi socialists and Al Qaeda against the Saudi King.
Map Oil Pipelines of Red Sea http: The Saudi East-West pipeline makes the Saudi exports to Europe and Africa cheaper, due to lower transportation costs, and it also gives Saudi Arabia an alternative when exporting oil to Asia. For the time being the Saudis can feel secure at the Suez Canal, because they are allies with Egypt. Another problem between Qaddafi and Iran was that Qaddafi was in very bad terms with the Lebanese Shiite Hezbollah, which is mainly funded by Iran.
Hezbollah had a strong presence in Sudan, and together with Sudan she supported the Islamists of Libya. Qaddafi was supporting leftist terrorists in Lebanon against the Islamists of Hezbollah.
The special forces of Sudan, Hezbollah and Qatar were among the first ones who set foot in Libya to support the Libyan rebels. In the meantime the communist and nazi propaganda says that the Arab Spring was simply a plot of the CIA, without even mentioning all this struggle in the corrupt Islamic countries.
Another problem could have been that when Qaddafi abandoned his nuclear program inhe gave his equipment to United States and England, essentially betraying Pakistan, which was selling nuclear technology and nuclear equipment in the black market.
I guess that Pakistan and North Korea are also selling nuclear technology and nuclear equipment in the black market to Iran too. Therefore betraying Pakistan could have been another thorn in the Qaddafi-Iranian relations. I must say that Russia is the county which has helps Iran to construct factories for the production of nuclear energy in Iran.
But Russia would not be willing to help Iran obtain nuclear weapons, because Iran is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of oil and gas reserves. Therefore one day Russia might face the Iranian Islamists as enemies.
Many times in the previous centuries Iran and Russia faced each other. Russia might even have to face an alliance of Iranian and Turkish Islamists, because Turkey does not have oil and gas, and there is a lot of room for cooperation between the Iranians and the Turks. Contrary to Iran, Pakistan does not have oil and gas, and it wants the oil and gas of Iran, and I do not thing that Pakistan would hesitate to sell nuclear technology to Iran in exchange for oil and gas.
Obviously at the same time Pakistan would have to assure its traditional ally Saudi Arabia that it will sell her nuclear weapons if the Iranians ever threaten Saudi Arabia.
I have to say that it is more likely to assume that the Iranians get their nuclear purchases in the black market from North Korea, which is a Chinese ally and does not have diplomatic relations with the United States. The Iranians also tried to boost their nuclear technology from Argentina.
After the improvement in the US-Iranian relations the willingness of Iran to support Al Qaeda will be significantly reduced. On the other side the United States has improved its relations with India and has hurt its relations with Pakistan, a strong Chinese ally, and Pakistan has a lot of influence in some groups of the Taliban and Al Qaeda.
Therefore Pakistan can support terrorist attacks against the United States if their relations further deteriorate in the future. The Americans are already accusing the Pakistanis of supporting terrorist attacks against them. The only concern Iran had about the overturn of Qaddafi was to prevent actors supported by France and Saudi Arabia to take control of the post Qaddafi Libya, due to the dominant presence of the French air force, and the support France could provide to the rebels.
In the same way the Iranians and the Turks feared French influence in post-Qaddafi Libya, the French were fearing a post-Qaddafi Libya which would be controlled by the Turks or the Iranians. The main reason Nicola Sarkozy made the mistake to support the rebels was that the Iranians or the Turks would become the dominant force in the post Qaddafi Libya.
If the Turks and the Iranians were to become the dominant force in the post Qaddafi Libya they could create a hell for France in North Africa. Nicola Sarkozy had already lost in Tunisia and Egypt, where he supported the socialist dictators who were allies of France and Saudi Arabia i. Ben Ali Tunisia and Mubarak Egypt. In the past I thought that the reason the French supported the rebels was because they wanted to gain influence in Libya at the expense of the Italians.
It is true that Italy is the European country with the closest economic relations with Libya, and the same is true for France in Algeria, and there is definitely some kind of competition between the South European countries in North Africa.
But the main reason Sarkozy decide to help the rebels in Libya was his previous defeats in Tunisia and Egypt, where he supported the socialist dictators who were traditional allies of France.
Unfortunately the Islamist and Communist propaganda is everywhere, and it is so heavily funded in Europe and the United States, and no matter how cautious you are it will get you at some point. And if you are a silly silly this propaganda will convince you that everything that goes wrong in the world is because of greedy Europe and because of greedy United States.
But I also have to say that Nicola Sarkozy made a great mistake by not supporting Qaddafi against the Islamists. He should have supported him, and then try to defend himself Against the propaganda war that would be launched against him by the Islamists in the Muslim World, and by the Communists in Europe and the United States.
If Sarkozy had supported Qaddafi, the Islamist and Communist propaganda would attack him by saying that he supports an oppressor to get oil contracts in exchange. Now the Communists and the Islamists are happy that Qaddafi is gone, but they pretend to be sad for his death, while it was the people who pay them that killed him. But they say that the greedy Europe and the greedy United States are responsible for his death, without mentioning anything about the rotten Islamic countries.
I must also say that in Egypt the decision of Obama not to support the socialist dictator Hosni Mubarack against the Islamists played a very important role.
Mubarack was a loyal American and Saudi ally, and even though he promoted anti-Semitism in Egypt, he never broke the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Mubarak was succeeded by Morsi from the Muslim Brotherhood. Maybe as a Sultan. Moreover the Iranian President visited Egypt after the Islamists rose to power, and this was the first time an Iranian President visited Egypt after the rise of the Iranian Islamists to power in Morsi stayed in power for 1 year, and he was toppled by the Egyptian socialists who were supported by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and that deepened the crisis in the Turkish-Saudi relations, which was partly overcome after the death of King Abdullah, and the efforts of the new King i.
The argument for the Egyptian Islamosocialists of the Muslim Brotherhood was that they rose to power by wining the elections. And that is true.
But as soon as Morsi became President he started granting himself with the powers of a king. The Saudis were afraid that they would not be able to compete on the ground with Turkey, Iran, Sudan and Qatar. They would love to kill Qaddafi but they were afraid of what was coming in Libya after Qaddafi.
Qaddafi was trying to distance Erdogan from the Sudanese, and he even awarded Erdogan the prize for human rights. If the Saudis were sure they could win on the ground in Libya, they would have torn Qaddafi to pieces. As you can read at the following International Business Times, written at the time of the Libyan Arab Spring, there was a paradox in Libya.
Iran seemed to support the rebels of Libya more than Saudi Arabia, even though Qaddafi had been an ally of Iran and a bitter enemy of Saudi Arabia.