Toward the conclusion of Heart of Darkness the narrator, Marlow, such as Marlow as to have set oneself up as a literal pagan deity as Kurtz. In addition, Marlow uses 'devil' in relation to wilderness he perceives as malevolent. Finally, we see some aspects of religion surrounding Kurtz himself. experience in the jungle and later, Kurtz's redemption and self-knowledge, the Intended's role and her influence on. Kurtz and Marlow, and the transcendent.
This suggests a level of awareness that remains within Kurtz; however, this awareness does not prevent him from developing a god-like sense of self-importance.
Rather, his distinction emerges as his madness manifests itself within the African wilderness. Stemming from this, the reader notes the general association observed between genius and madness.
This is evidenced in his eloquence and skill with words. It is clear that ivory has become an idol-like object, worthy of worship.
Conversely, it is in the pursuit of ivory that Kurtz has gone mad, as he compulsively desires its acquisition As a result of this madness, he becomes a god-like being to the natives.
To the natives, he appears to be a god wielding the forces of nature. As a result, he becomes a wrathful, fear-inducing creature.
He becomes a cruel and manipulative ruler who uses the uncivilized environment to his advantage. The impulses Bernheimer describes are most clearly those of mania.
Relationship of Marlow and Kurtz in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness Essay
For Kurtz, the absence of restraint brought about within the environment of the Congo allows for his madness or mania to surface. It is fitting that Marlow has reverted to a state of madness here, in a landscape that is so closely associated with primal nature and the beginnings of time.
The environment of the Congo river furthers the images of sexuality established in the description of the jungle. The waterway on which Marlow travels is erotic in nature. Additionally, his boat takes on a decidedly phallic tone as it descends deeper into the darkness of the forest--the womb within the Congo. The river is so consuming that man cannot keep his bearings.
This sentiment parallels the state of mind before orgasm, as all control and awareness of the self, is lost. This sentiment is echoed within the French term for orgasm, la petite mort--the little death.
From this, it appears that the wild and erotic nature inherent to the Congo has directly contributed to his decline. Additionally, it is important to note that the native woman has not physically pushed Kurtz into madness. The native woman serves as the ultimate embodiment of the wildness inherent to the Congo--both exciting and dangerous--as it is created by the uncultivated atmosphere.
Marlow introduces the woman in a manner that suggests his own interest in her body: While she is not directly alongside the men, her presence captivates Marlow almost immediately. The reader can imagine the woman entrancing Kurtz, years before, much like she appeals to Marlow now.
Relationship of Marlow and Kurtz in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness Essay Example | Graduateway
Her hair is masculine, as it is short and helmet shaped. Additionally, she is attired in brass leggings and gauntlets that evoke a sense of armor, her body rendered a hard shell by these elements. The native woman is not timid in any respect; rather, she commands authority. This is evidenced by both her head being held high and the sense of brutality in her appearance. While Marlow is not outwardly critical of her in this instance, his matter-of-fact description is suggestive of morbid curiosity.
Additionally, it is somewhat suggestive of his aversion, as she is no longer described in terms that indicate her physical beauty. Much like the African jungle, she is mysterious and initially alluring; however, a more careful examination reveals her to be foreign and dangerous. After going to meet the Intended in the conclusion of the narrative, Marlow describes her home in language that indicates the cold and unwelcoming environment.
This description stands in stark contrast to that of the jungle, which is described in chaotic terms The tall marble fireplace had a cold and monumental whiteness. They only showed that Mr.
Relationship Between Kurtz and Marlow. by Samantha Hagan on Prezi
Here, it becomes clear that Kurtz has lost all ties to civilized society, and to mankind as a whole. Additionally, the position of the heads indicates that they serve as trophies, rather than markers of warning.
While their inward glance may act as a penitent reminder to Kurtz--a recognizable symbol of his lost humanity--they appear to be more in line with gratifying objects.
He wants to be reminded of his greatness and his ability to take life at will. There is no possibility of return, therefore, it is fitting that Kurtz dies soon after Marlow finds him Similar to Kurtz, D. This perception is heightened by sexual lust, culminating in his death.
Gerald Crich comes from wealth This contrasts Kurtz, who had originally ventured to the Congo in the hopes of attaining the wealth needed to marry his Intended Conrad While Kurtz has financially struggled, Gerald has been fortunate. Rather, he lives comfortably, dabbling in the various activities that strike his fancy: While a series of events have pushed Kurtz towards madness, the narrative is devoid of the instance at which he transformed.
However, for Gerald, it appears much clearer. Here, there is a clear sense of desperation. In spite of having injured himself, Gerald continues trying to rescue Diana, unable to give up. Additionally, it appears that he can trust no one but himself, as he is the only one repeatedly diving in.
While this is clearly a moment when most people would continue at any cost to search for a drowning person, Gerald does not call for the assistance of other men. Rather, he continues his pursuit alone.
It is only after several minutes have passed that Gerald is forced to give up, as there is no chance of rescuing her. Upon realizing that Diana is unable to be saved, Gerald is described in language that expresses both his physical and psychological defeat: He claims that the Dark Continent has driven Kurtz into madness because he is unable to adapt fully to a world outside of modern civilization.
The Russian trader claims that Kurtz is a man whom people listens to.
Near the end of the story, Kurtz seemingly had absolute power in Africa. Marlow becomes also aware that Kurtz himself knows this power and thus associating the realization to himself.
And thus, when Marlow was contemplating on killing Kurtz he held back because he knows it would be like killing himself since he sees Kurtz as somewhat of an alter ego of himself.
Kurtz wants Marlow to keep his spirit alive by giving him documents about his exploits. A reporter retrieves the papers, or whatever is left with it, for publication. I had no clear perception of what it was I really wanted. Perhaps it was an impulse of unconscious loyalty, or the fulfillment of one of these ironic necessities that lurk in the facts of human existence.
But I went Conrad,p. Marlow played the role of comforter to the poor intended, Marlow listens to her patiently despite being annoyed at one point. In the end, he feels nothing but pity for the intended. Conclusion Marlow and Kurtz, despite not knowing each other for a long time had a good relationship.