The Social Exchange Theory describes the relationship between two people as an The give and take approach plays a big role, but so does our perception of how . According to extensive scientific research, meditation relieves stress and . The games provided data on how people respond to give-and-take Reciprocity to Positive and Negative Acts. Psychological Science, Dec New research shows that social relationships do have a positive read more. “Give and take” is a mechanism inherent to all personal relationships – you cannot expect to receive something if you don't offer on your own.
This is not only valid for us humans, but also for every other natural organisms. Living is always a trade-off — to use the limited amount of resources as efficiently as possible and try to meet all needs as good as possible.
What is the Science term for a give and take relationship
This can be quite a challenge or even impossible! Via establishing symbiotic interactions with other organisms, completely new possibilities arise. What is the success story of this type of organismic interaction? Can we extract the main points of the success of symbiosis? I will try to pin down three aspects, which I consider the most central ones do you disagree or have other suggestions? Specialization focus on several effective features instead of trying to do it all The willingness to provide something in order to gain something as a reward The ability of co-evolution — being able to develop further and optimize the mutual cooperation with the goal to achieve a more efficient interaction What could we learn from natural symbiosis in a biomimetic context?
Give and take – the success of natural symbiosis - Blogionik
Are we able to implement or at least learn from these aspects for ameliorating interactions we have to deal with? For example industrial supply chains where partners are highly dependent on each other or other kinds of cooperation, division of labour expertise or simply working groups? To realize this concept, some conditions have to be considered such as geographic proximity of the partners  or the cooperation of at least three entities as well as the exchange of at least two different resources .
Sometimes we put things into the bucket and sometimes we take things out.
And by and large, the bucket is on average partially full. The classic example is a bank account, where we save for the future and take money out for important purchases.
Slightly more complex is our career, where we invest in study and hard work and reap the rewards of pay, promotion and personal fulfilment. Some systems are always positive, for example the money in your wallet.
When it runs out, it cannot be less than zero.
Yet if you borrow money, your net wealth can go negative, for example when you owe money to the bank. Debt is a source of much woe, often caused by short-term motivations, which makes it a notable persuasive lever. The overall behavioral impact of the system is that it encourages people to seek balance.
If I take, then I must give in return. In order to take when I am in need, I must first make deposits. We hence seek to keep our accounts positive at least to the degree of an adequate safety net for future needs, with more risk-averse people with good self-control sustaining a larger average credit level. A more complex give and take is in our relationships, where we give and take time, support and emotion to and from other people. Giving typically implies generous support that is gratefully received, yet this is not always the case.
We can foist things on people or give only reluctantly. And we may be desperate or unwilling to receive. Likewise, taking can range from grateful acceptance of a kind offer to coercive demands. Both give and take can hence be positive and negative in intent and involve corresponding positive and negative emotions.
The equation of reciprocity The way we behave in balancing give and take is driven by the personal and social need for fairness. Relationships extend this to work through the force of reciprocitywhere there is a strong obligation to repay what you are given. If one person owes too much to the other, resentment and conflict may arise and the relationship may consequently fall apart.
An exact balance is not always required as trust acts to make this a 'sloppy' system. The greater the trust, the more negative the balance can become before concern about repayment arises. If I trust you then I will give a lot before I seek to take in return, confident that you will repay me at some time in the future. In each relationship there is a bucket system of 'social capital' where we make deposits and withdrawals from the bucket.
The exact currency is difficult to define but could perhaps be approximated with the formula emotion x time. If you spend two hours helping someone, and they spend an hour helping you, then, if the emotional exchange is equal, they still owe you an hour. Emotional complexity The problem in balancing the books of social exchange is that emotion is a complex variable.
If you help me for an hour and I am very grateful, then I may feel a need to help you for three hours doing something in return. Gratitude is hence a powerful driving emotion in social exchange.
When I help you, it is your gratitude that is the deposit in my account that motivates you to repay me, not just the fact that I helped you. Other emotions complicate the situation. For example if I help you and expect you to be grateful, then my feelings of expectation will give me the impression that I have earned a certain amount of social capital, and that my bucket is a little fuller as yours is a little emptier.
Yet if you are not that grateful, you will not think you owe me that much. In fact if you did not need or want my help then you may think you owe me nothing.
Give and Take
And if you see my help as an intrusion or an attempted 'robbery' in forcing me to owe you in return then your feelings of resentment will tip the balance the other way as you believe I owe you some reparation for the wrong done. In this way positive and negative emotions have opposite effects on the social capital bucket, and the stronger the emotion, the bigger the effect. If you hurt me in any way, then you owe me. If you help me then I owe you. Love and hate are enduring emotions that have a big effect on give and take.