Define resistance capacitance and inductance relationship

Resistance, Capacitance, Inductance, Impedance and Reactance - Electrical

define resistance capacitance and inductance relationship

This time I will talk about resistors, capacitors, inductors in CC and AC. Click here to This is the resistor, the component with a defined resistance and the resistor's color code. Resistors . The formula to calculate inductance. Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a Impedance is defined as the frequency domain ratio of the voltage to the current. .. As in the case of capacitors, it is also possible to derive this formula directly from the complex representations of the voltages and currents. In electromagnetism and electronics, inductance is the property of an electrical conductor by . The negative sign in the equation indicates that the induced voltage is in a direction which opposes the change in .. It is defined analogously to electrical resistance in a resistor, as the ratio of the amplitude (peak value) of the.

In other words, resistance is the opposition to a steady electric current. Pure resistance does not change with frequency, and typically the only time only resistance is considered is with DC direct current -- not changing electricity.

Reactance, however, is a measure of the type of opposition to AC electricity due to capacitance or inductance. This opposition varies with frequency.


For example, a capacitor only allows DC current to flow for a short while until it is charged; at that point, current will stop flowing and it will look like an open. However, if a very high frequency is put across that capacitor a signal that has a voltage which is changing very quickly back and forththe capacitor will look like a short circuit. The capacitor has a reactance which is inversely proportional to frequency. An inductor has a reactance which is directly proportional to frequency -- DC flows through easily while high-frequency AC is stopped.

Impedance is the total contribution of both -- resistance and reactance. This is important for AC analysis and design.

define resistance capacitance and inductance relationship

Power has to be given in terms of resistive power and reactive power. Resistive power actually burns off energy into heat while reactive power simply stores energy in E-fields and B-fields.

define resistance capacitance and inductance relationship

Often you'll hear about the 'impedance' of transmission lines, like the cables which run between components of your stereo system, and impedance of things like speakers. You'll also hear that it is important to match these or else you'll get reflection. This is a much more complicated subject, which a few answers have commented on in recent questions about light and its speed.

However, what I want to mention is that when you hear about the impedance of a transmission line, like speaker cable or an antenna or coaxial cable or anything else, this does not represent energy which is "burned off" in the cable.

Physics for Kids: Resistors, Capacitors, and Inductors

This has to do with how energy is stored in the cable as it propagates down it. The cable does not well, in reality it does, but assume the lossless case for simplicity get hotter as a signal travels down it. It is not proper to think of a 'ohm cable' as a ohm 'resistor. Note that impedance and reactance are both given in units of 'ohms' just like resistance.

  • Resistance, Capacitance, Inductance, Impedance and Reactance
  • Electrical impedance
  • What is the difference between resistance and impedance?

Capacitance is measured in Farads and inductance in Henries, and these relate to impedance, but they are not measures of impedance. Sometimes one of the lines is curved as shown below.

Explain Capacitance, Inductance, Resistance. - Electronics

The letter "C" is used in equations. Capacitor Symbol Inductors An inductor represents the amount of inductance in a circuit.

Resistors, Capacitors and Inductors

The inductance is the ability of a component to generate electromotive force due to a change in the flow of current. A simple inductor is made by looping a wire into a coil. Inductors are used in electronic circuits to reduce or oppose the change in electric current.

define resistance capacitance and inductance relationship

In a DC circuit, an inductor looks like a wire. It has no affect when the current is constant. Inductance only has an effect when the current is changing as in an AC circuit. Inductance is measured in Henrys.

What is the difference between resistance and impedance?

The symbol for inductance is a series of coils as shown below. The letter "L" is used in equations.

define resistance capacitance and inductance relationship

Inductor Symbol Interesting Facts about Resistors, Capacitors, and Inductors The resistance of a material is the opposite or the inverse of the conductivity. The Ohm is named after German physicist Georg Ohm. The Farad is named after English physicist Michael Faraday. The Henry is named after American scientist Joseph Henry.