Soviet–Afghan War - Wikipedia
The sources said Pakistan as well as China and Russia reached a conclusion turnaround in their otherwise frosty relationship for decades. The Taliban have been fighting against the ISIS in Afghanistan and of six countries – Russia, Iran, China, India, Afghanistan and Pakistan – in Moscow. for exploiting America's poor relations with Russia and putting more. The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December to February . Also, the Soviet Union's previously strong relations with Iraq had recently soured. world and buying French and Italian-made weapons, though the vast majority still came from the Soviet Union, its Warsaw Pact allies, and China.
There were reports that thousands of fighters were being sent to Afghanistan from Syria, a development, Pakistan, Russia and China believe is aimed at further destabilising the war-torn country.
These countries suspect the US may be using IS as a proxy to further its interests, particularly to counter China and a resurgent Russia.
Russia Afghanistan: Moscow's changing role in Afghanistan's stability - The Economic Times
For Pakistan, this is dangerous scenario as prolonged instability in Afghanistan will continue to cast shadow on its progress and stability. Gen Shoaib, who is closely connected with the military establishment, endorsed the assessment that the US was not ready to bring stability to Afghanistan. He also claimed that Pakistan has already conveyed to the Trump Administration that Russia and China were coming in a big way in Afghanistan if the United States does not take steps to clear the mess.
In a trilateral meeting in Moscow in December, Russia and China agreed to a flexible approach to remove certain Taliban figures from the UN sanctions lists as part of efforts to foster a peaceful dialogue between Kabul and the Taliban.
However, the US was not ready to accept it, something officials here said showed Washington's lack of interest in seeking a peace deal. In fact, Taliban chief Mullah Akhtar Mansoor, before being killed in a US drone strike in Pakistan's restive Balochistan province in May last year, was pushing for this demand in order to show sceptics within his insurgent group the benefits of seeking the peace process. The Afghan problem has brought Pakistan and Russia close in terms of strategic and defence cooperation.
Last week, the Pakistan army took a high-powered Russian military delegation to the volatile North Waziristan Agency to give them a firsthand account of the country's anti-terror gains.Why Do Russia And China Love Each Other?
The development is part of a series of steps taken to open a new chapter in Pakistan-Russia ties that have long been held hostage to the politics of 'Cold War' era. The rapprochement began in when Pakistan decided to broaden its foreign policy options after its ties with the US deteriorated due to a secret raid at Abottabad to kill Osama bin Laden in May that year and later the killing of 24 Pakistani soldiers in NATO airstrikes along the Afghan border.
Realising its war is unwinnable, the US seems to be looking for ways to make an imminent exit from Afghanistan look honourable.
It is in light of this realisation that it has pushed for yet another round of peace talks. However, this time, Washington has no pretensions about who is driving the process. The recent push for peace under a newly minted US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Zalmay Khalilzad, involves direct talks with the Taliban among other groups.
An Afghan-American diplomat, Khalilzad is no stranger to Afghanistan. He was US ambassador to the country between November and June and was witness to some of the lasting political developments there. This is not a reversal of policy.
In his speech at Fort Myer last year, Trump warned that American help would not go on forever. Also, for it to continue, Trump categorically stated that he would require others to stick to their end of the bargain.
While help has not yet been withdrawn, Washington seems to have had enough.
China and India can succeed in Afghanistan where US, Russia failed
Exiting from Afghanistan was built into the speech itself. For Russia, too, things have come full circle.
Sincehowever, Moscow has assumed the mantle of helping Afghanistan settle its disputes. After facing opposition and delays, the latest round of this process was held on November 9.
China and India can succeed in Afghanistan where US, Russia failed | South China Morning Post
As two of the fastest-growing economies in the world with a combined population of more than 3 billion people, China and India are increasingly engaged in fierce rivalry. Afghanistan, however, stands apart as a country where Chinese and Indian efforts are converging. Afghanistan is well-placed to become a safety-valve of sorts where India and China can cooperate and let off steam in their otherwise tense relationship.
Their cooperation — for example on projects such as training Afghan diplomats — cannot only help Afghanistan, but also reflect their collective intent as well.
Against a backdrop of debilitating trade wars and the unilateral imposition of sanctions on Iran by the US, Afghanistan could very well become a launching pad to further coordination and cooperation between China and India elsewhere.